注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

向阳英语教育的博客

热忱欢迎广大学子及英语爱好者咨询交流,有意者可加QQ965920830

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

三尺讲台是我的T台。选择了就不后悔,在与教育流氓叫板的呐喊声中像自己手中的粉笔一样,给孩子们描绘美好的未来,自己变成微不足道的粉末。

网易考拉推荐

高考语法单项选择题专项练习  

2017-05-18 08:45:40|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

高考语法单项选择题专项练习

1. Measures must be taken to prevent pollution _______ happily.

A. from we live      B. for us to live        C. us living          D. from our living

2. It is the hotel _______ I stayed when I worked here ten years ago.

A. that              B. which             C. when            D. where

3. Is there a bookshop around _______ I can buy a dictionary for my daughter.

A. where            B. when              C. why             D. which

4. We must make full use of the contradictions among the enemies, winning over ________ many and opposing ________ few .

A. the, a            B. a, the               C. a, a             D. the, the

5. I think the doctor is able to cure ________ is the matter with your son .

A. all               B. one                 C. whatever           D. anything

6. Go to the reading-room and get your MP3. It’s where you left _________.

   A. that             B. it              C. one            D. this

7. The cold-blooded animals do not have any choice but ________ and sleep on very cold winter days.

   A. to lie down       B. lie down        C. lying down      D. lay down

8. --Who was it ________ you met in the street the day before yesterday?

   --An old friend of mine.

   A. whom          B. that             C. who            D. what

9. I will inform Xiao Wang that I can’t go out to play football with him with the homework ________.

   A. done          B. to be done         C. to do           D. being done

10. When I knocked at the door, she was beginning __________ the dinner.

   A. to cook        B. cooking           C. to be cooking    D. to have cooked

11. She has a wonderful voice and sings beautifully. You can’t praise her _______ highly.

   A. very          B. rather             C. too             D. quite

12. The truth is _______ he doesnt make good use of time in class.

  A. why          B. what       C. that           D. which

13. The reason why he was late was _______ he had taken a wrong bus.

  A. because       B. whether        C. why        D. that

14. Einstein’s most famous theory is _______ we call the Theory of Relativity.

  A. what          B. that           C. which          D. 

15. Please find out when _______ get to Nanjing.

A. will the train   B. would the train   C. the train will   D. the train would

16. We have plenty of books here. You may take _______ you like most

  A. which        B. whatever        C. whichever      D. that

17. It depends on _______ we have enough time.

  A. if            B. what          C. why            D. whether

18. You have no idea _______ for her safety.

  A. how anxious I have been          B. so anxious I have been

C. how I have been anxious          D. I have been so anxious

19. ----Are you still thinking about yesterdays game?

----Oh, that’s _______.

A. what makes me feel excited       B. whatever I feel excited about

C. how I feel about it               D. when I feel excited

20. There was no person ________ gave help to the persons stuck in the snow near Chenzhou in Hunan in the late January.

   A. which           B. what              C. as               D. but

21. The echo-location in bats is often compared with radar, the principle of ________ is similar.

A. that        B. which        C. what        D. it

22. He was not an actor, who often appeared on stage, _________ a writer, writing stories.

A. but         B. and          C. then         D. so

23. The greater the population there is in a locality, ________ there is for water, transportation, and disposal of refuse.

 A. a greater the need             B. greater the need

C. the greater the need            D. great need

24. The knee is the joints ________ the thigh bone meets the large bone of the lower leg.

 A. that         B. when         C. why        D. where

25. The chief foods ________ in any country depend largely on what grows best in its climate and soil.

 A. eat          B. to eat          C. eaten       D. ate

26. We’re leaving at five o’clock, and hope ________ most of the journey by supper time.

A. to have gone on   B. to have done   C. to have made  D. to have taken

27. The annual worth of Utah’s manufacturing is greater than ________ of its mining and farming combined.

A. which          B. that          C. what          D. it

28They _______ on the program for almost one week before I joined them, and now we _______on it as no good results have come out so far.

A. had been working; are still working       B. had worked; were still working

C. have been working; have worked         D. have worked; are still working

29. The person we referred to________ us a report the day after tomorrow.

   A. giving           B. will give          C. gave             D. gives

30. It would be a good idea to use a plastic bottle, ___cut off, as a container to grow young plants in.

A. of which the top   B. the top is          C. the top of which    D. with its top

31. My deskmate Joan is _______ beautiful girl and ________ girl everyone likes to study with.

A. a, a                      B. a, the                C. the, a                  D. the, the

32. --What did he ask you?

--_______ I would be sent to work in Hangzhou.

A. That                           B. When                   C. Where                  D. Whether

33. --She’s not a dancing teacher, is she?

-- ________.

A. Yes, and she isn’t     B. Yes, but she was      C. No, but she isn’t      D. No, but she was

34. Mrs. Green was much disappointed to see the dish washer she had had________ went wrong again. 

A. it                  B. it repaired         C. repaired           D. to be repaired

35. An awful accident, however, ________occur the other day.

  A. does               B. did              C. has to              D. had to

36. --Tom is still suffering from the injury.

   --If only he ________ in bed quietly as the doctor instructed.

   A. lies              B. lay                C. has lain           D. had lain

37. If you ________ stop smoking , you can only expect to have a bad cough .

A. won’t               B. would not            C. do not               D. can not

38. It was in the building _______ was built in 1985 ________ the important meeting was held.

   A. which, that        B. which, which       C. that, which        D. that, that

39. Do you consider it any good ________ the car again ?

A. to repair             B. repairing              C. repaired              D. being repairing

40. It snowed continuously for nearly five days in late January, completely ___ our holiday.

A. ruined           B. to ruin             C. ruining            D. ruins

41. Before he went abroadhe spent as much time as he _____ Japanese.

A. could learning             B. learned              C. to learn            D. could learn

42. The Genie made a promise _______ anyone set him free he would make him king of the world.

   A. that                B. which          C. what           D. that if

43. The water in the swimming pool ________ cool when I jumped into the pool for morning exercise.

   A. was felt             B. is felt          C. felt            D. feels

44. At the meeting, he put forward a suggestion that he _________ at home to look after his sick son.

   A. would stay           B. stays          C. stayed          D. stay

45. Not only ______the jewelry she ____been sold for her husband’s gambling debts but also her house.

A. is has                  B. has had                C. has has            D. does has

46. He ran as fast as he could _____ to catch the early bus.

  A. hope                       B. to hope           C. hoping               D. hoped

47. He wrote a lot of novels, none of _____ translated into Japanese.

A. them               B. which         C . it             D. what

48. Li Ping ________ have called me yesterday because I knew it.

A. needn’t             B. couldn’t         C. shouldn’t       D. wouldn’t

49. ______ as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily.

   A. Hard try          B. Tries hard          C. Hard tries         D. Try hard

50. You cannot be _______ careful in driving a car.

   A. very           B. much             C. fairly           D. too

51. ----I rang you at about three, but there was no reply.

   ----Oh, that was probably _______ I was seeing the doctors.

   A. why             B. what              C. when           D. that

52. It’s not yet clear _______ of those will be chosen to do the job.

   A. that              B. whom            C. which           D. whose

53. _______ in the newspaper that the teachers will get a rise in 2008.

   A. It says            B. it is said           C. It has said       D. They are said

54. The problem, according to the experts, is ________ we should do with the salty land.

A. what             B. whether           C. how             D. that

55. You can’t imagine      when they heard the news      the Chinese team won.

A. how they were excited; that              B. how excited they were; that

C. how excited were they; which            D. they were how excited; which

56. _______ the teacher couldn’t understand was       fewer and fewer students showed interest in his class.

A. What; that      B. All that; because       C. Why; that      D. What; why

57. A bright idea suddenly struck me _______ I could use the money I saved to help a poor student in the countryside.

A. whether        B. which               C. that           D. what

58. Another new factory has been built near _________ used to be a village.

   A. what           B. that                C. which         D. where

59. ----Kate is eating less these days.

   ----Well, that’s _______ makes me feel worried.

A. because        B. what               C. why           D. how

60. That day everyone wondered _______ the baby of four worked out the problem in her mother’s office.

A. how was it that   B. how it was that       C. how was it      D. how was that

61. No increase in output can be expected ________ a new assembly line is installed.

   A. if              B. when          C. unless        D. where

62. You can ask me your questions, ________.

   A. if some        B. if any        C. if some questions    D. if any questions

63. Li Ping gave me the perfect answer and it _________ satisfied me.

   A. much more    B. more than      C. so much           D. too much

64. Don’t waste your time playing computer games and return to your study to get your lessons prepared, and ________ at once.

   A. it            B. what          C. that               D. the one

65. The inspector made a demand that the road ______ at once.

   A. was repaired         B. is repaired         C. be repaired     D. to be repaired

66. He did not know much English, but he helped the Englishman out ______.

   A. however          B. anyhow           C. yet                D. though

67. A school lies not far from here, so they do not allow ____ here.

  A. to park        B. us to park               C. us park          D. parks

68. He believed, ________ , that people should start as early as possible to look at the world and nature and to think about what they saw.

  A. as does his mother   B. as his mother does   C. as did his mother   D. his mother as did

69. People who slept less than five hours a night had 15 percent ____ blood levels than people who slept eight hours.  

   A. high                B. as high as       C. the highest        D. higher

70. The rats develop bacterial infection of the blood, ________ their immune systems----the self-protecting mechanism against diseases----had crashed.

   A. only if              B. as if            C. if only           D. even if

71. Concerns were raised ________ witnesses might be encouraged to exaggerate their stories.

   A. what                B. when           C. that             D. which

72. Vitamins do not provide energy, _______ do they construct or build up any part of the body.

   A. either               B. nor             C. so              D. never

73. He can continue to support himself and his family ________ he produces a surplus.

   A. ever since           B. long before        C. much as        D. only if

74. Americans feel good about the Obama victory, ________ is a story of youth, possibility, and unity through diversity.

   A. which              B. that              C. it              D. this

75. --I’m sorry, sir.

   --You _______ come here five minutes earlier. Don’t be late next time.

  A. should have     B. could have        C. would have       D. might have

76. The voters’ desire for change plays a big part in 2008’s election and they will elect ________ can lead America out of the financial crisis to be their president.

  A. who           B. whoever               C. whom      D. whose

77. China is developing quickly, with its GDP ________ 6% of the world in 2007.

  A. accounts for      B. accounted for       C. accounting for      D. to account for

78. --Where have you been?

   --Wanted by the police and I replied to the question ________ I got that money.

  A. that            B. how                C. what           D. which

79. The ministry of education called on all the teachers not to put ________ pressure on students three years ago, ________ students have enough time to develop their own interests.

  A. a, to make        B. the, making         C. an, make        D. /, making

80. ______ for the rain, we would have gone to see the exhibition.

  A. If it had been   B. Had it been     C. It had not been     D. Had it not been 

Keys:

1---10BDADCBABCA  11----20CCDACCDAAD  21----30BACDCBBABD

31----40ADDCBDAABC  41----50ADCDCCAADD  51----60CCBABDCABB

61---70CBBCCBBCDB 71----80CBDAABCBDD

解析:

1. 破除prevent…from doing…的思维定势,带逻辑主语的不定式作目的状语。这句话的意思是:为了我们美好的生活,必须采取措施制止污染。

2. 不能把这句话错误地判断为强调结构,是where引导的限制性定语从句。

3. 该句容易被错误地判为介词加关系代词引导定语从句的结构。around也作定语,因为简洁,被放在先行词和定语从句之间。买书应该在书店买,不能到书店周围买。

4. 一般地说,不定代词many , littlefew前是不许使用定冠词的,但是如果它们修饰的名词有特指或限定意义时,它们前面就应使用定冠词了。这句话的意思是:我们必须充分利用敌人的内部矛盾,争取多数,反对少数。

5. whatever具备两个意思,其一是no matter what , 引导让步状语从句;其二是anything that , 引导名词性从句,在本题中,whatever 引导的是一个宾语从句,whatever在这个宾语从句被用作主语。

6. 后半句的第一个it会影响正确的选择,where引导的表语从句中的it就是指丢掉的MP3,指代上文的事物,用it

7. but 前面的do不是行为动词,是助动词,but后面的不定式中的to不能省略。比较下面的句子:He could do nothing but wait for the general manager to come back.

8. 这是对强调句进行的特殊提问,尽管提问的部分是人,为了避免和前面的who重复,答案应该选that

9. 家庭作业还没有做,并且是主语I做,答案为to do。比较下面一句话:I will go to Beijing. By the way, do you have something to be taken to Beijing?

10. begin to do somethingbegin doing something在意义上是一样的,但begin用了进行时,后面就宜用不定式。

11. 前文的意思暗示后半句的意思应该是这样的:你怎么赞扬她都不嫌过分。cannot...too...  总不嫌过分;越...越好,是常见的用法。

12. that引导的表语从句,说明一个事实情况

13. reason作主语,表语从句的引导词用that

14. what引导的表语从句,what在表语从句中作直接宾语。具体内容为the Theory of Relativity,应该选用what

15. 宾语从句中不使用疑问句式并且时态要一致

16. 书很多,暗示的不是具体的哪一本,选whichever

17. on为介词,答案只能选whether,又BC的逻辑关系和句子的意义矛盾

18. 感叹句直接用来作同位语从句,感叹词可兼作引导词

19. 昨天的比赛令人激动,难以忘怀;what引导的表语从句

20. There be…”是一个完整的主谓结构,but gave help to the persons stuck in the snow…是修饰person的定语从句;也就是说but用作关系代词,在定语从句中作主语。这种用法在地道的英语中是常见的。but这样使用时,是有一定限制的,通常必须用在某些否定意义的词语后面,意思相当于“that…not, which…notwho…not…”。其意思等于“没有…………”,可以指人,也可以指物。这句话的意思是:一月下旬,在湖南郴州,人人都给予被困在雪中的人以帮助。

21. 名词加介词再加关系代词引导定语从句的现象。

22. 句子融会了定语从句和现在分词作定语的现象,增加了干扰因素,分析句子结构可知道考查的是not…but…结构。

23. the+比较级…, the+比较级的对称结构。

24. 关系副词where引导的定语从句。

25. 动词eat和名词foods是动宾关系,用过去分词作后置定语。

26.不定式的完成体用来表示这个动作发生在谓语动作之前; to make a journeyto go on a journey 表示做一次旅行”;表示旅程中的一部分,使用do。如:do some / much / most of the journey (走完这个旅程的一部分/大部分/绝大部分)

27. that指代前面的名词短语the annual worth

28. 此题的时间状语before I joined them是很好的参照。第一个空应该用过去完成进行时,第二个空根据时间now用现在进行时。

29. 此题中包含一个定语从句,the person作句子的主语,要填入的应该是句子的谓语,根据后面的时间状语为the day after tomorrow,应选将来时。句中的定语从句we referred to中的to不影响主句的谓语,故应选B

30. 此题是独立主格结构,容易和定语从句混淆。

31. 此题很容易误选B,认为第一次提到girl用不定冠词,第二次提到就应该用定冠词。但是,句中第二次提到girl时并不是特指的,此句实为一省略句,补充完整是:… and she is a girl everyone likes to study with.

32. 此题选D,为He asked me whether I would be sent to work in Hangzhou.之省略。

33. 此题最佳答案为D,可视为No, she isn’t. But she was a dancing teacher.之省略,即其意为她现在不是舞蹈教师,但她过去是。上半句中是否定形式,给正确理解yesno带来困难,容易出错误。

34. 此题句型为have sth done, she had had repaired为定语从句,修饰the dish washer。迷惑选项为B项。had had repaired放在一起,其实是正确的,有一定的误导作用,容易让答题者不肯定这个答案。

35. 句末的the other day意为前几天,所以句子应用过去时态。此句有两个难点:一是句中插有however一词,分散了同学们的注意力;二是所填选项B为许多同学所不熟悉的强调用法。

36. 他的伤没有好,说明过去没有认真听医者的话,不是现在的情况。答案的B有迷惑性。

37.  will除了用作表示将来时的助动词外,还可用来强调愿意或不愿意,是情态动词的用法,吸烟当然靠自己的愿望。

38. 前半部分作为定语从句,用thatwhich都对;但是,后面的强调结构就只能使用that了。很显然,避免重服,答案只能是A

39. 在这个句子中it是形式宾语,如果这样的句子中,无论是主语从句,还是宾语从句,出现了any good , no good , any use  no use,就该使用动名词来作句中真正的主语或宾语。

40. 用来补充前面的内容,用现在分词作结果状语。

41. 考查的spend time (in) doing sth的结构,spend的后面的宾语增加了干扰项。比较:He did what he could to learn Japanese.

42. 容易错选答案的Athat引导的同位语从句中含有if引导的状语从句。

43. 水感觉上去凉爽,中文里有被动的含义,英语中没有。

44. that引导的同位语作suggestion的同位语,表示建议、要求,用虚拟语气,动词形式为:(should)+动词原形。

45. 由于Not only 置于句首,故用部分倒装结构。第一个has助动词,是句中谓语动词has been soldhas的提前。第二个has为实义动词,定语从句中表示“有”的意思。本句的意思为:不但是她所有的珠宝而且还有她的房子一起已经被卖掉作为她丈夫的赌债了。

46. 现在分词短语hoping to catch the bus用做伴随状语,即一边跑一边希望能赶上汽车。容易错选B,将to hope to catch the bus视为目的状语。因为他拼命地跑目的是为了赶上公共汽车,而不是为了希望赶上公共汽车,换句话说,将希望作为目的不妥。

47. 看了题目后,也许会毫不犹豫地认为此题应选 B,理由是none前没有并列连词 and  but,但错了。此题的最佳选项应为A,注意此句的 translated 不是谓语,而是一个非谓语动词(过去分词),所以逗号后面其实不是一个完整的句子,而是一个独立结构。假若在 translated 前加一个助动词 was,则此题应选which,构成一个非限制性定语从句。做这类题要特别小心,不要受思维定势的影响。

48. 这是对“情态动词 + have done something”结构的考查,根据后半部分的意思推断:李平昨天本来不必给我打电话,答案应该是needn’tshouldn’t have done, 本不该做;couldn’t have done,本不会做、过去绝不会做;wouldn’t have done, 本不会做。

49. as(虽然)引导的让步从句,从句中的实义动词原形连同宾语和状语,随实义动词一起放在主语之前。

50. cannot…too意为:无论怎样……也不算过分。

51. when引导的表语从句,说明时间

52. which引导的宾语从句,which是指从这些人中挑选一位

53. It is said that…的结构

54. what引导的表语从句, whatdo with搭配

55. 感叹句how excited they were直接用来作宾语;that引导的同位语从句

56. What引导的主语从句;why引导的表语从句。why引导的表语从句说明不能理解的原因

57. An idea strikes sb that…的结构,that引导的主语从句

58. what引导的宾语从句作介词near的宾语, what在宾语从句中作主语

59. what引导的表语从句, what在表语从句中作主语

60. how引导的宾语从句宾语从句中使用了强调结构的特殊疑问句的形式,对方式状语进行提问

61. no(not)…unless…的结构,unless=if not

62. if any意思是:果真有……

63. more than +动词的结构表示动词的程度,可译为:异常十二分地。

64. and that结构,这个and that译为而且……,表示对它前面陈述部分的语气加强,that

65. demand后的同位语从句用虚拟语气: (should) do

66. anyhow为副词,不管怎样,符合句意;but已表示转折。

67. allow doing sthallow sb to dosth都是固定结构,该句考查的后一种情况。

68. as引导的方式状语并使用了倒装的形式,时态为一般过去时。

69. 比较级的结构,选用比较级的形式。

70. 前后时态不一致。显然,后面使用了虚拟语气,答案为as if

71. witnesses might be encouraged to exaggerate their storiesConcerns的同位语,用关连词that

72. 句子的意义是谈论维他命的两个不起作用的方面,后面也用否定。

73. produces a surpluscontinue to support himself and his family的条件,答案为only if

74. which引导的非限制性定语从句

75. should have done表示“本该做而没有做”。

76. 不管谁,只要能领导美国人民走出金融危机,选民就会选他做总统,用whoever

77. with+名词+其它成分”的结构,独立主格形式之一,不可用动词作谓语,用非谓语形式,动词和名词有逻辑上的主谓关系,用现在分词形式。

78. how引导的同位语从句。

79. put pressure on …为固定结构,后面的现在分词作结果状语。

80. 虚拟条件从句中含有had时,可不使用if,had移至主语前;该条件句应该使用否定形式。

  评论这张
 
阅读(47)| 评论(1)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017