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J·K·罗琳精彩演讲:The benefits of failure  

2017-04-13 13:01:36|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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J·K·罗琳精彩演讲:The benefits of failure - 向阳英语教育 - 向阳英语教育的博客

President Faust, members of the Harvard Corporation and the Board of Overseers, members of the faculty, proud parents, and, above all, graduates:


The first thing I would like to say is "thank you". Not only has Harvard given me an extraordinary honour, but the weeks of fear and nausea I've endured at the thought of giving this commencement address have made me lose weight. A win-win situation! Now all I have to do is take deep breaths, squint at the red banners and convince myself that I am at the world's largest Gryffindors' reunion.


Delivering a commencement address is a great responsibility; or so I thought  until  I cast my mind back to my own graduation. The commencement speaker that day was the distinguished British philosopher Baroness Mary Warnock. Reflecting on her speech has helped me enormourly in writing this one, because it turns out that I can't remember a single word she said. This liberating discovery enables me to proceed without any fear that I might inadvertently influence you to abandon promising careers in business, law or politics for the giddy delights of becoming a gay wizard.


J·K·罗琳精彩演讲:The benefits of failure - 向阳英语教育 - 向阳英语教育的博客

You see? If all you remember in years to come is the"gay wizard" joke, I've still come out ahead of Baroness Mary Warnock. Achievable goals--the firststep to self-improvement.


Actually, I have wracked my mind and heart for what I ought to say to you today. I have asked myself what I wish I had known at my own graduation, and what important lessons I have earned in the 21 years that has expired between that day and this.


I have come up with two answers. On this wonderful day when we are gathered together to celebrate your academic success, I have decided to talk to you about the benefits of failure.And as you stand on the threshold of what is sometimes called "real life", I want to extol the crucial importance of imagination.


These may seem quixotic or paradoxical choices, but hear with me.


J·K·罗琳精彩演讲:The benefits of failure - 向阳英语教育 - 向阳英语教育的博客

Looking back at the 21-year-old that I was at graduation, is a slightly uncomfortable experience for the 42-year-old that she has become. Half my lifetime ago, I was striking an uneasy balance between the ambition I had for my self, and what those closest to me expected of me.


I was convinced that the only thing I wanted to do, ever, was to write novels. However, my parents, both of whom came from impoverished backgrounds and neither of whom had been to college, took the view that my over active imagination was an amusing personal quirk that could never pay a mortgage, or secure a pension.


I know the irony strikes like with the force of a cartoon anvil now, but...


So they had hoped that I would take a vocational degree; I wanted to study English literature. A compromise was reaced that in retrospect satisfied nobody, and I went up to study Modern Languages.Hardly had my parents' car rounded the corner at the end of the road than I ditched German and scuttled off down the Classics corridor.


I cannot remember telling my parents that I was studying Classics; they might well have found out for the first time on graduation day. Of all the subjects on this planet, I think they would have been hard put to name one less useful than Greek mythology when it came to securing the keys to an executive bathroom.


J·K·罗琳精彩演讲:The benefits of failure - 向阳英语教育 - 向阳英语教育的博客

I would like to make it clear, in parenthesis, that I do not blame my parents for their point of iew. There is an expiry date on blaming your parents for steering you in the wrong direction;the moment you are old enough to take the wheel, responsibily lies with you. What is more, I cannot criticize my parents for hoping that I would never experience poverty. They had been poor themselves, and I have since been poor, and I quite agree with them that it is not an ennobling experience. Poverty entails fear, and stress, and sometimes depression; it means a thousand petty humiliations and hardships. Climbing out of poverty by your own efforts, that is something on which to pride yourself, but poverty itself is romanticized only by fools.


What I feared most for myself at your age was not poverty, but failure.


At your age, in spite of a distinct lack of motivationat university, where I had spent far too long in the coffee bar writing storeis, and far too little time atlectures, I had a knack for passing examinations,and that, for years, had been the measure of success in my life and that of my peers.


J·K·罗琳精彩演讲:The benefits of failure - 向阳英语教育 - 向阳英语教育的博客

Now I am not dull enough to suppose that because you are young, gifted and well-educated,you have never known hardship or heartbreak. Talent and intelligence never yet inoculatedanyone against the caprice of the Fates, and I do not for a moment suppose that everyone here has enjoyed an existence of unruffled privilege and contentment.


However, the fact that you are graduating from Harvard suggests that you are not very well-acquainted with failure. You might be driven by a fear of failure quite as much as a desire for sucess. Indeed, your conception of failure might not be too far from the average person's idea of success, so high have you already flown.


Ultimately, we all have to decide for ourselves what constitutes failure, but the world is quite ager to give you a set of criteria if you let it. So I think it fair to say that by any conventional measure, a mere seven years after my graduation day, I had failed on an epic scale. An exceptionally short-lived marriage had imploded, and I was jobless, a lone parent, and as pooras it is possible to in modern Britain, without being homeless. The fears my parents had had forme, and that I had had for myself, had both come to pass, and by every usual standard, I was the biggest failure I knew.


J·K·罗琳精彩演讲:The benefits of failure - 向阳英语教育 - 向阳英语教育的博客

Now, I am not going to stand here and tell you that failure is fun. That period of my life was a dark one,and I had no idea that there was going to be what the press has since represented as a kind of fairytale resolution. I had no idea then how far the tunnel extended, and for a long time, any light at the end of it was a hope rather than a reality.


So why do I talk about the benefits of failure? Simply because failure meant a stripping away of the inessential. I stopped pretending to myself that I was anything other than what I was,and began to direct all my energy into finshing the only work that mattered to me. Had I really succeeded at anything else, I might never have found the determination to succeed in the one arena I believed I truly belonged. I was set free, because my greatest fear had already been realised, and I was still alive, and I still had a daughter whom I adored, and I had an old typewriter and a big idea. And so rock bottom became the solid foundation on which I rebuilt my life.


J·K·罗琳精彩演讲:The benefits of failure - 向阳英语教育 - 向阳英语教育的博客

You might never fail on the scale I did, but some failure in life is inevitable. It is impossible to live without failing at something, unless you live so cautiously that you might as well not have lived at all--in which case, you fail by default.


Failure gave me an inner security that I had never attained by passing examinations. Failure taught me things about myself that I could have learned no other way. I discovered that I had astrong will, and more discipline than I had suspected; I also found out that I had friends whose value was truly above the price of rubies.


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