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高三复习微练习二十九  

2016-04-01 10:12:54|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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高三复习微练习二十九

一.选择题

1. An expert is _____ person who chooses to be ignorant about many things so that he may know all about ______. (B)

  A. the, that      B. a, one      C. a, those      D. that, one

2. The quality of a man’s life is in direct proportion to his commitment to excellence, _____ his chosen field of endeavor. (C)

  A. in terms of      B. with regard to      C. regardless of     D. in that

3I        the hobby of fishing as a child.  (D)

Abuilt up           Bset up     Ckept up         Dtook up

take up在这里意为从事;开始做,学着做

4         made Daisy wild with joy?   (D)

—Her success in the A?level exam this year.

AHow was it that                     BWhen was it that

CWhy was it that                     DWhat was it that

5—Hold the ladder for me!  (B)

—That’s        .

Aall            Bit    Call right         Dright

6I think whoever makes     contributions to the company than the others should get  ___      income.  (C)

Agreatera highest    Bmore greatera higher

Cgreaterthe highest   Dmore greaterthe higher

7It is thought that one billion people in the world        is half the world’s workersearn their living by farming.  (B)

Aif      Bthat     Cwhich       Dwhat

8—Your name againplease.        .   (A)

—It’s John Lee.

AI didn’t quite catch you    BI couldn’t quite catch you

CI don’t hear you          DIt’s your name     

9—You should have thanked her before you left.  (B)

—I meant        . But when I was leaving I couldnt find her anywhere.

Ato do    Bto     Cdoing     Ddoing so

10. Just as the clothes a man wears, the food he eats and the friends with whom he spends his time, his house ______ his personality. (C)

  A. resembles      B. strengthens        C. reflects       D. shapes

11        is the best football player in your city?   (C)

—John.

ADo you think who  BDo you think whom

CWho do you think  DWhom do you think

12. All the students in this high school will move into the new building next term, each classroom ______ with a computer.  (C)

   A. to equip              B. having equipped       C. equipped           D. equipping

13It’s really hot        January in Beijing now. Better take off your coat.  (C)

Ain      Bduring   Cfor  Dto

14—What were you doing when I phoned you last night?  (C)

—I        my painting and was starting to take a bath.

Ahave already finished  Bwas finishing

Chad just finished      Dwas going to finish

15. Don’t put off for tomorrow what you can do today, _____ you enjoy it today you can do it again tomorrow. (D)

   A. because   B. if because     C. if       D. because if

16. He asked Ginny if she would ______ to a small celebration after winning the scholarship. (B)

   A. cease           B. consent             C. compile             D. crush

17. The process of the files used to be done ______, but now the company has purchased a software to deal with it. (B)

   A. artificially          B. manually           C. authentically      D. confidentially

18. I’d rather work with someone who’s good at their job but doesn’t like me, ____ someone who likes me but is foolish.  (C)

   A. also           B. either         C. than       D. instead

19. It’s Helen’s own fault if she feels ______ at the party---she makes no effort to be friendly to people.  (D)

   A. cut out         B. stood out           C. made out           D. left out

20. ---Would you like to play badminton with me this afternoon?

   ---Sorry, but it is just not ______.  (D)

  A. a piece of cake      B. a wet blanket     C. my feet of clay  D. my cup of tea

二.请阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

The ancient Egyptian pyramids are some of the most impressive structures built by humans in ancient times. Many of the pyramids still  1  today for us to see and explore.

The pyramids were built to bury the Pharaohs and honor them. As part of their religion, the Egyptians  2  that the Pharaoh needed certain things to succeed in the afterlife. Deep inside the pyramid the Pharaoh would be  3  with all sorts of items and treasure that he may need to survive in the afterlife.

Some of the earlier pyramids have huge  4 . Archeologists think that they were built as stairways for the Pharaoh to use to  5  to the sun god. These pyramids represent a mound  that  6  at the beginning of  7 . The sun god stood on the mound and  8  the other gods and goddesses.

There are around 138 Egyptian pyramids. Some of them are huge. The  9  is the Pyramid of Khufu, also  10  the Great Pyramid of Giza. It was the tallest man-made  11  for over 3800 years and is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It’s estimated that this pyramid was made of 2.3 million blocks of rock  12  5.9 million tons.

 13  the pyramids were built has been a mystery that archeologists have been  14  to solve for many years. It is believed that thousands of slaves were used to  15  the large blocks and then  16  move them up the pyramid on ramps. The pyramid would  17  slowly built, one block at a time. Scientists estimate it took at least 20000  18  over 23 years to build the Great Pyramid of Giza. Because it took so long to  19  them, Pharaohs generally started the construction of their pyramids as soon as they became  20 .

1.  A. fall              B. survive           C. open               D. appear  (B)

2.  A. predicted      B. proved           C. believed          D. guessed (C)

3.  A. buried          B. provided         C. rewarded        D. equipped  (A)

4.  A. stars            B. steps              C. pictures          D. bases  (B)

5.  A. climb           B. fly                 C. turn                D. move  (A)

6.  A. destroyed     B. had                C. made              D. formed (D)

7.  A. term            B. holiday           C. time               D. year  (C)

8.  A. thanked        B. praised           C. saved              D. created (D)

9.  A. largest         B. oldest             C. best                D. safest (A)

10. A. spared          B. called             C. awarded          D. offered (B)

11. A. wall             B. tower             C. structure         D. gate (C)

12. A. carrying       B. weighing        C. containing       D. adding (B)

13. A. How            B. Where            C. When             D. Whether (A)

14. A. asking          B. trying             C. preparing        D. promising (B)

15. A. cut up          B. divide up        C. break up         D. put away (A)

16. A. perfectly      B. cautiously       C. regularly         D. slowly (D)

17. A. go               B. conduct          C. get                 D. have (C)

18. A. farmers        B. designers        C. workers          D. soldiers (C)

19. A. design          B. occupy           C. explore           D. build (D)

20. A. friends         B. parents           C. the ruler         D. the captain (C)

1-5 BCABA 6-10DCDAB11-15CBABA16-20DCCDC

1. B。埃及金字塔是古埃及人建造的最雄伟的建筑。直到今天仍然有许多金字塔保留了下来。

2. C。从本空前religion得出:作为古埃及宗教的一部分,他们认为法老死后复生时需要一定的物品。

3. A。上文bury有提示:法老们被埋葬在金字塔内部,并有许多来生要用得着的物品和宝藏陪葬。

4. B。由下句stairways可知:早期的金字塔有巨大的台阶。考古学家认为,这些台阶被法老们认为是攀爬到太阳神那里的阶梯。

5. A。参考上句解释。

6. D。这些金字塔象征着一个在创世之初就形成的小山丘。

7. C。参考上句解释。

8. D。由上句推断:在创世之初,太阳神就是在这个小山丘上创造出了其他神。

9. A。上句huge有提示:在埃及约有138座金字塔,有些非常宏伟。最大的一座是胡夫金字塔,又名吉萨大金字塔。

10. B。参考上句解释。

11. C。上文structure有提示:它是3800年以来最高的人造建筑物。

12. B。根据本空前rock可知:据估计,它是由230万块重达590万吨的石块建成的。

13. A。由下句判断:金字塔如何建造是考古学家至今仍未揭开的一个谜。

14. B。参考上句解释。

15. A。从本空后large blocks推断:据说,无数奴隶被驱赶着去切割开巨大的石块。

16. D。由本空后one block at a time可知:他们沿着坡道把石块拖到金字塔上。一次一块,所以施工很慢。

17. C。参考上句解释。

18. C。科学家估计,至少2万名工人花了23年时间才建成了胡夫金字塔。

19. D。因建金字塔的工期太长,所以法老们一成为统治者后就立刻开始为自己建造金字塔。

20. C。参考上句解释。

三.阅读理解

A

The light from the campfire brightened the darkness, but it could not prevent the damp cold of Dennis’s Swamp creeping into their bones. It was a strange place. Martin and Tom wished that they had not accepted Jack’s dare. They liked camping, but not near this swamp(沼泽地).

“So,” Martin asked as they sat watching the hot coals. “How did this place get its name?”

“Are you sure you want to hear it? It’s a scary story,” warned Jack.

“Of course!” cried out Tom. “If there were anything to be scared of, you wouldn’t have chosen this place!”

“Ok, but don’t say I didn’t warn you,” said Jack, and he began this tale.

“Way back in time, a man called Dennis tried to start a farm here. He built that cottage over there to live in. In those days, the area looked quite different it was covered with tall trees and the swamp was a crystal-clear river. After three hard years, Dennis had cleared several fields and planted crops. He was so proud of his success that he refused to listen to advice.

“‘You are clearing too much land,’ warned one old man. ‘The land is a living thing. It will hit back at you if you abuse it.’

“‘Silly fool,’ said Dennis to himself. ‘If I clear more land, I can grow more crops. I’ll become wealthier. He’s just jealous!’”

“Dennis continued to chop down trees. Small animals that relied on them for food and shelter were destroyed. He was so eager to expand his farm that he did not notice the river flowing slowly towards his door. He did not notice salt seeping to the surface of the land. He did not notice swamp plants choking all the native plants.”

“What happened?” Martin asked. It was growing colder. He trembled, twisting his body closer to the fire.

“The land hit back just as the old man warned,” Jack shrugged. “Dennis disappeared. Old folks around here believe that swamp plants moved up from the river and dragged him underwater. His body was never found.”

“What a stupid story,” laughed Tom. “Plants can’t…” Before he had finished speaking, he screamed and fainted. The other two boys jumped up with fright, staring at Tom. Suddenly, they burst out laughing. Some green swamp ivy had covered Tom’s face. It was a while before Tom could appreciate the joke.

1. The underlined word “dare” in Paragraph 1 is closed in meaning to ________. (D)

A. courage                B. assistance                 C. instruction                D. challenge

2. Why did Jack tell Tom and Martin the story? (B)

A. To frighten them.                                    B. To satisfy their curiosity.

C. To warn them of the danger of the place.  D. To persuade them to camp in the swamp.

3. Why did Dennis ignore the warning of the old man? (D)

A. The old man envied him.                           B. The old man was foolish

C. He was too busy to listen to others.             D. He was greedy for more crops.

4. Why did Tom scream and faint? (C)

A. He saw Dennis’s shadow                           B. He was scared by a plant     

C. His friends played a joke on him.               D. The weather became extremely cold.

5. What lesson can we learn from the story of Dennis? (A)

A. Grasp all, lose all.       B. No sweat, no sweet.

C. It is no use crying over spilt milk.         D. He who makes no mistakes makes nothing.

1.D。根据第一段的第一句可知,来自于篝火的光照亮了黑暗却不能阻止深入骨髓的Dennis沼泽地的湿气可见这是一个奇怪的地方,来此野营是Jack的一个挑战。

2.B。推理判断题。根据段中的几个朋友的不断发问可知孩子们对于Dennis沼泽地的得名充满了好奇。

3.D。细节题。从‘If I clear more land, I can grow more crops. I’ll become wealthier. He’s just jealous!’可知Dennis对种植更多的庄稼的贪婪和渴望。这也是他忽略老人的警告的原因。

4.C。根据题目关键词scream and faint定位倒数第一段,文中的“they burst out laughing. Some green swamp ivy had covered Tom’s face.”可知答案。

5.ADennis不顾一切地垦荒和对种植更多庄稼的贪婪之心,却被水中的植物拽入水中,一无所得,死不见尸。

B

One might expect that the ever-growing demands of the tourist trade would bring nothing but. good for the countries that receive the holiday-makers. Indeed, a rosy picture is painted for the long-term future of the holiday industry. Every month sees the building of a new hotel somewhere, and every month another rock-bound Pacific island is advertised as the 'last paradise on earth'.

However, the scale and speed of this growth seem set to destroy the very things tourists want to enjoy. In those countries where there was a rush to make quick money out of sea-side holidays, over-crowded beaches and the concrete jungles of endless hotels have begun to lose their appeal.

Those countries with little experience of tourism can suffer most. In recent years, Nepal set out to attract foreign visitors to fund developments in health and education. Its forests, full of wildlife and rare flowers, were offered to tourists as one more untouched paradise. In fact, the nature all too soon felt the effects of thousands of holiday-makers traveling through the forest land. Ancient tacks became major routes for the walkers, with the consequent exploitation of precious trees and plants.

Not only can the environment of a country suffer from the sudden growth of tourism. The people as well rapidly feel its effects. Farmland makes way for hotels, roads and airports; the old way of life goes. The one-time farmer is now the servant of some multi-national organization; he is no longer his own master. Once it was his back that bore the pain; now it is his smile that is exploited. No doubt he wonders whether he wasn't happier in his village working his own land.

Thankfully, the tourist industry is waking up to the responsibilities it has towards those countries that receive its customers. The protection of wildlife and the creation of national parks go hand in hand with tourist development and in fact obtain financial support form tourist companies. At the same time, tourists are being encouraged to respect not only the countryside they visit but also its people.

The way tourism is handled in the next ten years will decide its fate and that of the countries we all want to visit. Their needs and problems are more important than those of the tourist companies. Increased understanding in planning world-wide tourism can preserve the market for these companies. If not, in a few years’ time the very things that attract tourists now may well have been destroyed.

6. What does the author indicate in the last sentence of Paragraph 1? C

A. The Pacific island is a paradise.  B. The Pacific island is worth visiting.

C. The advertisement is not convincing.  D. The advertisement is not impressive

7. The example of Nepal is used to suggest _________ .  (D)

A. its natural resources are untouched.              B. its forests are exploited for farmland

C. it develops well in health and education.       D. it suffers from the heavy flow of tourists.

8. What can we learn about the farmers from Paragraph 4? (B)

A. They are happy to work their own lands. B. They have to please the tourists for a living.

C. They have to struggle for their independence.

D. They are proud of working in multi-national organizations.

9. Which of the following determines the future of tourism? (D)

A. The number of tourists                              B. The improvement of services.

C. The promotion of new products.                 D. The management of tourism

10. The author’s attitude towards the development of the tourist industry is ________. (C)

A. optimistic  B. doubtful  C. objective  D. negative

6.C。大家都期待旅游业“would bring nothing but good”,而且“a rosy picture”也被绘制出来,在此背景下,“every month”都有“another rock-bound Pacific island”被宣称为“the last paradise(天堂)”,只是说明广告的信服力令人怀疑。

7.D。第三段第一句指出“Those countries with little experience of tourism can suffer most.”而接下来便以Nepal为例来证实,尼泊尔由于没有旅游开发方面的经验,导致了“the consequent exploitation of  precious trees and plants”,故而D项正确。

8.B。判断推理题。旅游业的迅速发展不仅给环境带来损坏,farmers的生活方式发生了改变,“Once it was his back that bore the pain ; now it is his smile that is exploited.”曾经他们可以在农田里靠自己的劳作为生,而今,他们失去了土地,只有靠取悦游客“exploit his smile”来换取收入谋生,因此B项正确。

9.D。最后一段第一句“The way tourism is handled in the next ten years will decide its fate…”,未来十年旅游业的管理方式将决定旅游业的未来命运,此处涉及词语转换“handle”转化为“manage”,故此题选D

10.C。作者从旅游业发展带来的益处以及旅游业发展过程中出现的问题以及担忧,到最后指出旅游业是否能有光明的未来,取决于对旅游业的管理,纵观全文可以得知,作者客观地陈述了对旅游业的看法。

四.任务型阅读  请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

Disability is a condition which limits the performance of a person because he or she is physically or mentally unfit. According to the United Nations, about 10% of the world’s population suffer from some disability, and the estimates by the World Health Organization show a rapid increase in this number every year. Furthermore, about 80% of individuals with disability, across the globe, live in developing nations, where a significant number of people still can’t find a job. Also, the International Labor Organization states that in some countries, around 80% of the disabled population can not seek any kind of employment because employers think that those people are less productive than normal people.

Discrimination of any sort, especially against individuals with disability, often occurs in the workplace. For instance, it is generally observed in developing countries that employees with disability are given fewer job benefits as compared to others, owing to their disability. This involves benefits such as promotions, pay scale, assignments, training and so on. Not getting such benefits can lead to that individual losing interest in his work, thus reducing his productivity.

Harassment, whether physical or mental, is illegal in most countries. In the workplace, harassment of an individual with disability may range from simple but repetitive teasing, to passing offensive comments about his/her disability, to acts that may result in physical harm. Although instances of simple teasing are often not illegal, all those instances that may result in hostile work environment must be checked upon.

Owing to the fact that people with disability can not do certain things with ease, as others would do, it is both morally and legally wrong to ask them to do such things and thus, expose them to undue hardships. This involves asking them to lift heavy objects and so on.

Anyway, measures must be taken to fight against disability discrimination. To achieve this, governments all across the world have passed a lot of laws and acts regarding discrimination against people with disability in the workplace. Many companies and corporations have responded to the laws and have built extra infrastructural provisions for employees with disability such as special ramps for wheelchairs or provision for documents written in Braille. Large-sized corporations, in fact, take a step forward and provide specially trained dogs as guides. In addition, special provisions have also been made regarding medical expenses and disability insurance. A special fund is also set aside as a provision for their retirement. All these provisions not only lift the morale of individuals with disability, but can also act as a great step in order to bring them into the mainstream.

Discrimination against disabled people in the workplace

Current

(1)   

● Around 10% of the world’s population suffer from disability and the number keeps (2)    rapidly.

● About 80% of disabled people live in developing nations and many of them remain (3)   .

Discrimination

in the workplace

Fewer work benefits

Those with disability are less likely to be (4)   , are paid lower, and are given fewer assignments and less training.

Harassment

● Being laughed at repetitively

● Being commented on their disability (5)   

● Being harmed physically

(6)   

Make disabled people do what they have too much

(7)_______ doing.

(8)   

● Many laws and acts have been passed to (9)    workplace prejudice.

● Many companies have built extra infrastructural provisions for disabled employees and set up a special fund for their (10)   .

1. situation  2. increasing/growing   3. unemployed  4. promoted 5. offensively  6. Hardships  7. difficulty  8. Measures  9. prevent  10. retirement


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