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奥巴马抵古巴, 成88年来首位访古的美国总统  

2016-03-21 10:46:10|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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       当地时间2016年3月20日下午4点18分,美国总统奥巴马抵达古巴哈瓦那,开始为期三天的正式访问。他也成为88年来首位访问古巴的美国总统。

Obama arrives in Cuba for historic visit in thawing of ties

US President Barack Obama arrived on Sunday in Cuba, in a historic visit that could mark the beginning of a new era in US relations with its neighbor after more than 50 years of Cold War-era animosity.

The plane touched down at 4:19 pm local time at Jose Marti International Airport, where Obama was greeted by Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez as well as other Cuban and US officials.

Obama descended the plane accompanied by First Lady Michelle Obama, while holding an umbrella overhead due to a light rain coming down in Havana.

Havana Vieja, or Old Havana, the capital's historic district, will be the first place Obama visited on Sunday on a walking tour of key sites, such as Havana's Cathedral, Plaza Vieja and San Francisco Square, as well as the Museum of the City.

He will be accompanied by his wife and two daughters during the tour, which highlights the history, cultural significance, and beauty of the city, which is declared a World Heritage Site by the United Nations in 1982.

On Monday, Obama will lay a wreath at a memorial to Cuba's national hero Jose Marti at Revolution Square before meeting with Cuban President Raul Castro.

The US head of state will be welcomed by Castro at an official ceremony, before the two leaders hold a closed-door meeting, after which they are expected to hold a joint press conference.

Also on Monday, Obama will meet with Cuban and American entrepreneurs to hear about their experiences and explore opportunities to develop long-term relationships, despite the economic and trade embargo Washington continues to impose on Cuba.

Prior to his trip, the Cuban government ruled out the possibility of offering political concessions to Washington as a precondition to restoring full bilateral ties with the United States.

Havana stressed Washington's economic and financial blockade of the island remains in force despite new measures announced last week by the White House to relax aspects of the embargo.

The visit which ends on Tuesday, the first by a US president since 1928, marks the most important moment since Obama and Castro agreed in December 2014 to restore diplomatic ties and end half a century of hostility following Cuba's revolution, which ousted a pro-American government in 1959.

Following is a chronology of how bilateral ties evolved since the two countries agreed in December, 2014 to restore diplomatic ties and end half a century of hostility following Cuba's revolution in 1959.

- Dec. 17, 2014
Obama and Cuban leader Raul Castro announced the start of the process to restore bilateral relations, after a telephone conversation two days earlier.

On the same day, the two countries agreed to prisoner exchange. Cuba released American contractor Alan Gross, jailed in Cuba for "contributing to domestic subversion," and the United States freed the three remaining members of the Cuban Five, intelligence agents arrested in Miami in 1998 on charges of spying.

- Jan. 15, 2015
The US Department of Treasury announced it would relax restrictions on exports, travel and currency exchanges with Cuba.

- Jan. 21, 2015
The first round of negotiations started in Havana between Cuba and the United States on the process of restoring diplomatic relations, migratory agreements and other bilateral issues of interest.

- Feb. 27, 2015
The second round of negotiations was held in Washington, aiming to discuss the restoration of bilateral ties and details for the reopening of embassies.

- March 16, 2015
The third round of negotiations kicked off as both countries agreed to maintain communication in the future as part of this process.

- April 11, 2015
Obama and Raul Castro officially met for the first time at the Summit of the Americas in Panama (they met informally and shook hands at Nelson Mandela's memorial in South Africa in December 2013).

- May 21, 2015
The fourth round of negotiations was held in Washington.

- May 29, 2015
Washington took Cuba off its list of countries that purportedly sponsor terrorism, which it issues annually.

- July 1, 2015
US and Cuba announced they will restore diplomatic relations and reopen their respective embassies.

- July 20, 2015
Cuba-US diplomatic ties officially restored after 54 years, six months and 17 days.

- Aug. 14, 2015
US Secretary of State John Kerry headed to Havana to preside over the raising of the US flag at the embassy, marking the first visit in seven decades by an official of his rank.

-- Sept. 11, 2015
The first meeting of the Cuba-US Bilateral Commission was held in Havana, charged with outlining the agenda of issues to be addressed as part of the process toward normalizing ties.

- Sept. 29, 2015
Castro and Obama met again at the headquarters of the United Nations (UN) in New York, during the 70th session of the UN General Assembly.

- Oct. 7, 2015
US Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker visited the island.

- Oct. 30, 2015
First Deputy Foreign Minister Marcelino Medina met in Havana with Alejandro Mayorkas, undersecretary of the US Department of Homeland Security.

- Nov. 2, 2015
Cuban state telecommunications company ETECSA signed an agreement with US company Sprint to provide direct roaming service to travelers to Cuba.

- Nov.9, 2015
The first meeting between Cuban and US law enforcement agencies was held in Washington, aiming to increase bilateral cooperation on security.

- Dec.1, 2015
Cuba and the United States held a technical meeting in Washington on cooperation in fighting drug trafficking.

- Dec. 11, 2015
Cuba and the United States agreed to re-establish direct mail service during a new round of talks in Miami.

- Dec. 16, 2015
The two countries agreed to resume regularly scheduled direct commercial flights.

- Feb. 4, 2016
Technical meeting was held in Miami between specialists from Cuba and the United States on fighting illegal immigration and trafficking.

- Feb. 16, 2016
Cuban Minister of Foreign Trade and Investment Rodrigo Malmierca headed a delegation to the second round of bilateral regulatory dialogue. It is the first visit by a Cuban official of such rank to Washington in half a century.

The two countries authorized no fewer than 110 regular daily flights from the United States to Cuba.

- Feb. 17, 2016
The US government authorized Alabama-based CleBer LLC to manufacture tractors in Cuba, making it the first US company to invest in the island since the 1959 Cuban Revolution.

- Feb. 18, 2016
Obama announced plans to travel to Cuba in March.

- Feb. 23, 2016
Technical meeting on cybersecurity was held in Havana between Cuban and US authorities, designed to boost bilateral cooperation in this area.

- March 14, 2016
Cuban telecom firm ETECSA and US Verizon Partner Solutions signed an interconnection accord that paves the way for direct telephone communication between the two countries.

- March 15, 2016
The US government announced new regulations to further increase trade and travel with Cuba, and lift financial restrictions on Cuba's use of the US dollar in certain transactions.

- March 16, 2016
Direct mail service between Cuba and the United States restored after nearly five decades.

- March 17, 2016
Cuba announced it will scrap a 10-percent tax on US dollars brought into the country.

- March 18, 2016
Cuban and US representatives in Havana signed a memorandum of understanding on cooperation in maritime navigation to improve safety.

- March 20, 2016
Barack Obama arrived in Cuba for an official visit that will end on Tuesday. He is the first US president to visit the island in 88 years.



奥巴马抵古巴, 成88年来首位访古的美国总统 - 向阳英语教育 - 向阳英语教育的博客
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