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高三复习小练习二十  

2016-01-19 13:23:32|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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一.单选题

1. In a sense, the conservation of natural resources is more important, compared with ______ of historical relics.   (D)

  A. those                    B. one                   C. both                  D. that

2. ---Good morning, Grand Theater.

  ---Hello, this Larry Jackson and I’m calling to confirm the ______made by phone on Monday for two box seats for King Lear.   (B)

  A. accommodation     B. reservation        C. application        D. distinction

3. ---What was the motorist’s final decision to deal with the 400000 left on his motorbike? (A)

   ---After six nights of ______ with his conscience, he decided to return all the money to the loser.

  A. wrestling                     B. arguing             C. coping              D. corresponding

4. When the disease was spreading across the continent, it caused panic among people. What added to the panic is that doctors find it hard to establish the ______ nature of the virus causing the disease. (A)

  A. precise                 B. fragile               C. delicate             D. ambiguous

5. ---Your cellphone can show the exact position of the person you’re talking to?   (C)

  ---Yes. It’s a very useful function and I ______ it for quite a while.

  A. used                     B. would use                 C. have been using        D. had used

6. A dozen eggs ______ four dollars in this supermarket these days. Mary bought two dozen ____ the eggs yesterday. (A)

  A. cost, of      B. costed, /      C. costs, of       D. costing, /

7. ----It’s a pity that we lost the game.

  ----I am sorry and it is I who _____ to blame. I will never make the mistake again. (C)

  A. were       B. be       C. am         D. was

8. Don’t worry. I’m sure your missing glasses will ______ sooner or later. (D)

A. stand out          B. break up            C. get out                D. turn up

9. It is said that body language____________ 55 per cent of a first impression while what you say just 7 per cent. (B)

A. lies in            B. accounts for       C. consists of         D. goes with

10. She came up with several ideas about the house decoration ______ a fantastic struck her. (B)

  A. until                     B. before               C. since                 D. unless

11. Just as I got to the school gate, I realized I ______ my book in the cafe. B

A. have left               B. had left             C. would leave              D. was leaving

12. ---I’m terribly sorry to have put you to so much trouble.

   ---______. You didn’t mean to, did you?   (A)

  A. Forget it               B. No trouble         C. you’re welcome        D. All right

13. I wasn't able to hide my eagerness when I ________, "What do you wish me to do now?" (D

       A. ask                   B. have asked              C. am asking                 D. asked

14. ---How do you understand life?

  ---It is a constant match ______ the greatest opponent is yourself.  (C)

   A. in that         B. of which           C. where        D. when

15. Reading her biography, I was lost in admiration for         Doris Lessing had achieved in literature. A

A. what       B. that         C. why        D. how

16. —Sorry, I forgot to lock the door.

    —______ .Mike can do it later. C

A. No way          B. Take your time   C. Nothing serious   D. You're welcome

17. Normally a forest fire and the damage ______ causes can be very extensive, especially when you consider the financial and physical losses.  (D)

     A. which                    B. that                  C. this                   D. it

18. It has been over hot for several years continually. ______, the global warming will be even more serious.  (D)

  A. In other words      B. As a result         C. That’s to say      D. Believe it or not

19. As a green finger, the spokesman often thinks of ______ he is supposed to respond more appropriately on some special occasions.  (A)

  A. how                     B. which        C. that            D. what

20. The Chinese abacus, officially ______ as a cultural heritage at the 8th Annual UNESCO World Heritage Congress, is another symbol of Chinese wisdom.   (B)

  A. having listed                B. listed                C. having been listed     D. listing

二.阅读理解

A

“Indeed,” George Washington wrote in his diary in 1785, “some kind of fly, or bug, had begun to eat the leaves before I left home.” But the father of America was not the father of bug. When Washington wrote that, Englishmen had been referring to insects as bugs for more than a century, and Americans had already created lightning-bug(萤火虫). But the English were soon to stop using the bugs in their language, leaving it to the Americans to call a bug a bug in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

The American bug could also be a person, referring to someone who was crazy about a particular activity. Although fan became the usual term, sports fans used to be called racing bugs, baseball bugs, and the like.

Or the bug could be a small machine or object, for example, a bug-shaped car. The bug could also be a burglar alarm, from which comes the expression to bug, that is, “to install an alarm”. Now it means a small piece of equipment that people use for listening secretly to others’ conversation. Since the 1840s, to bug has long meant “to cheat”, and since the 1940s it has been annoying.

We also know the bug as a flaw in a computer program or other design. That meaning dates back to the time of Thomas Edison. In 1878 he explained bugs as “little problems and difficulties” that required months of study and labor to overcome in developing a successful product. In 1889 it was recorded that Edison “had been up the two previous nights discovering ‘a bug’ in his invented record player.”

1. We learn from Paragraph 1 that ___________.

A. Americans had difficulty in learning to use the word bug

B. George Washington was the first person to call an insect a bug

C. the word bug was still popularly used in English in the nineteenth century

D. both Englishman and Americans used the word bug in the eighteenth century

2. What does the word “flaw” in the last paragraph probably mean?

A. Explanation.              B. Finding.                   C. Origin.                   D. Fault.

3. The passage is mainly concerned with____________.

A. the misunderstanding of the word bug          B. the development of the word bug

C. the public views of the word bug                 D. the special characteristics of the word bug

1—3DDB

1. D。根据When Washington wrote that, Englishmen had been referring to insets as bugs for more than a century. 得到答案。

2. D。词义判断。在1878年,爱迪生把bug称为‘小的问题和麻烦’”。因此可猜测出答案为D

3. B。主旨判断题。据大意可知,本文是向读者介绍bug含义的发展演变。

B

The National Gallery

Description:

The National Gallery is the British national art museum built on the north side of Trafalgar Square in London. It houses a diverse collection of more than 2300 examples of European art ranging from 13th-century religious paintings to more modern ones by Renoir and Van Gogh. The older collections of the gallery are reached through the main entrance while the more modern works in the East Wing are most easily reached from Trafalgar Square by a ground floor entrance.

Layout:

The modern Sainsbury Wing on the western side of the building houses 13th- to 15th-century paintings, and artists include Duccio, Uccello, Van Eyck, Lippi, Mantegna, Botticelli and Memling.

The main West Wing houses 16th-century paintings, and artists include Leonardo da Vinci, Cranach, Michelangelo, Raphael, Bruegel, Bronzino, Titan and Veronese.

The North Wing houses 17th-century paintings, and artists include Caravaggio, Rubens, Poussin, Van Dyck, Velazquez, Claude and Vermeer.

The East Wing houses 18th- to early 20th-century paintings, and artists include Canaletto, Goya, Turner, Constable, Renoir and Van Gogh.

Opening Hours:

The Gallery is open every day from 10am to 6pm (Fridays 10am to 9pm) and is free, but charges apply to some special exhibitions.

Getting There:

Nearest underground stations: Charing Cross (2-minute walk), Leicester Square (3-minute walk), Embankment (7-minute walk), and Piccadilly Circus (8-minute walk).

4. In which century’s collection can you see religious paintings?

A. The 13th.                   B. The 17th.                 C. The 18th.              D. The 20th.

5. Where are Leonardo da Vinci’s works shown?

A. In the East Wing.                                           B. In the main West Wing.

C. In the Sainsbury Wing.                                                                    D. In the North Wing.

6.Which underground station is closest to the National Gallery?

A. Piccadilly Circus.       B. Leicester Square.       C. Embankment.        D. Charing Cross.

4—6ABD

4. A。根据文章第一段“它藏有从13世纪宗教美术作品到雷诺瓦和梵高的现代作品2300多份的各种各样的藏品”,可以断定宗教美术作品是13世纪的,故选A

5. B。根据文章第三段话“主要的西翼藏有16世纪的美术作品以及包括达芬奇等在内的艺术家的作品”可知B项正确。

6. D。根据文章最后一段Nearest underground stations: Charing Cross(2-minutes walk), Leiseter Square(3-minutes walk), Embankmen (7-minutes walk), and Piccadilly Circus(8-minutes walk)所给的时间长度,可以判断Charing Cross是最近的,故选D

C

Last night’s meteor (流星) shower left many people in the community dissatisfied and demanding answers. According to Gabe Rothsclild, Emerald Valley’s mayor, people gathered in the suburbs of the city, carrying heavy telescopes, expecting to watch the brightly burning meteors passing through the sky. What they found instead was a sky so brightened by the city’s lights that it darkened the light of the meteors passing overhead.

“My family was so frustrated,” admitted town resident Duane Cosby, “We wanted to make this an unforgettable family outing, but it turned out to be a huge disappointments.”

Astronomers scientists who study stars and planetshave been complaining about this problem for decades. They say that light pollution prevents them from seeing objects in the sky that they could see quite easily in the past. They call on people and the government to take measures to fight against it.

There is yet a population besides professional and amateur star observers that suffers even more from light pollution. This population consists of birds, bats, frogs, snakes, etc. For example, outdoor lighting severely affects migrating birds. According to the International Dark-Sky Association. “100 million birds a year throughout North America die in crashes with lighted buildings and towers.”

Countless more animals casualties result from the use of artificial lighting. Clearly, people enjoy the benefits of lighting their evenings, but some scientists think it can be harmful for humans, too. They worry that exposure to light while sleeping can increase person’s chances of getting cancer.

Emerald Valley is only one community that is becoming aware of the negative effects of light pollution. For years, Flagstaff, Arizona, has enforced lighting regulations in its city in order to assist astronomers at the Lowell Observatory. Similar efforts have been made worldwide, and a movement is underway to remind us to turn off lights when we are not using them, so that other creatures can share the night.

7. What do the astronomers complain about?

A. Meteor showers occur less often than before

B. Their observation equipment is in poor repair

C. Light pollution has remained unsolved for years

D. Their eyesight is failing due to artificial lighting

8. What the author concerned about according to Paragraph 4?

A. Birds may take other migration paths

B. Animal’s living habits may change suddenly

C. Varieties of animals will become sharply reduced

D. Animals’ survival is threatened by outdoor lighting

9. Lighting regulations in Flagstaff, Arizona are put into effect to

A. Lessen the chance of getting cancer              B. create an ideal observation condition

C. ensure citizens a good sleep at night             D. enable all creatures to live in harmony

10. What message does the author most want to give us?

A. Saving wildlife is saving ourselves

B. Great efforts should be made to save energy

C. Human activities should be environmentally friendly

D. New equipment should be introduced for space study

7—10CDBC

7. C。文中第三段话have been complaining about this problem for decades,第一段话就提到了光线太亮,这句话后边又提到了light pollution。结合选项,选C

8. D。第四段第一句就告诉我们除了专业及业余的观星者之外,还有些群体也收到了光污染的影响。而这些群体指的就是birdsbats等动物。D项的意思是:“动物的生存受到户外灯光的影响。”

9. B。根据文章最后一段in order to assist astronomers at the Lowell Observatory,可知答案为B

10.C。文中作者反复强调光污染问题对人类的一些活动和动物的影响。这显然是强调环境问题。

三.任务型阅读

A

One of the advantages of being self-employed is that the profit the business makes belongs to the owner. If the self-employed person is successful in business, he or she has the chance to earn plenty of money and even become wealthy. The profit earned by a self-employed person is the reward for his or her effort, ability, and creativity. Thus, a second advantage of being self-employed is that a person’s intelligence and abilities have a direct effect on his or her earnings. People who have outstanding abilities or intelligence often find they can earn far more through self-employment than they can through working as an employee. A third advantage of being self-employed is that a person can control their working hours. While not all self-employed people are completely free to choose whatever hours they want to work, most of them have more control over this area than the people who work for salaries or wages.

As with most things in life, being self-employed is not without problems first, being one’s own boss places the responsibility for success directly on that individual’s shoulders. Abilities and intelligence will be put to the test. Everyone has some weaknesses and is less capable in some things than in others. These weaknesses will affect how successful a self-employed person is. Second, though the self-employed can earn considerable profits with a successful business, losses can force them out of business and, in some instances, place them in debt. A third disadvantage concerns income security. Self-employed people have no guaranteed income. Their earnings can vary greatly from year to year, depending on business conditions. Salaried people, on the other hand, can generally count on continued earnings from year to year. In addition, salaried people often enjoy fringe benefits, which are all of the benefits provided for employees in addition to wages and salaries. One of these benefits may be insurance paid for by the employer that continues the employee’s salary in the event of sickness or accident. Many self-employed people do not have such protection, unless they put money aside themselves.

 

 

Self-employed people

(8)______

Advantages

making profits   [来源:Zxxk.Com]

(2)______

earning plenty of money and becoming wealthy

counting on (9)______ earnings

essence

(3)______ for effort, ability and creativity

intelligence and abilities (4)______ their earnings directly

enjoying fringe benefits (10)______ wages

working hours are (5)______ free

(1)______

shouldering the (6)______ for success

not free at working time

(7)______

out of business, even in debt

having no guaranteed income

1.Disadvantages/ Problems 2. result/ consequence 3. reward 4. affect 5. relatively 6. responsibility 7. losses 8. Salaried-people/ Employees 9. continued 10. besides

B

Canada’s wealth comes from the exploitation of its rich natural resources and from the work of its citizens. Canadians are employed in a variety of jobs. All of these jobs can be grouped into one of three categories: extractive industries, manufacturing industries and service industries.

Industries that take raw materials from the natural environment are called extractive or primary industries. Canada has a wealth of natural resources. The extractive industries that have been developed to exploit these natural resources make an important contribution to the wealth of our economy. Without these extractive industries, and the money they bring from other countries, Canada’s economy could not exist in its present form. Yet only a small percentage of Canada’s labor force works in extractive industries. Extractive industries rely on labor-saving machines instead of human labor.

Manufacturing industries process the products of extractive industries into finished products Manufacturing industries transform raw materials into many different forms to be used by consumers or by other companies. This processing may be done in one or more stages. For example, iron ore is transformed into steel in factories. This is called primary manufacturing. The steel is then sent to companies for further processing into cars, mining equipment, machines, nails, and other products-such as bicycle frames. This is called secondary manufacturing.

Manufacturing industries are located in many towns and cities across Canada. Companies try to build their factories in densely populated areas because they want to near the people who buy their products. If they locate near their customers, then they save money on shipping costs. Manufacturing industries provide more jobs to Canadians than do extractive industries. Yet the number of people employed in manufacturing is still small in comparison to the third category, services. As with extractive industries, manufacturing process use many machines that require relatively few workers.

Service industries provide services needed by the extractive and manufacturing industries, and by society in general. Without these services, society could not operate. The majority of Canadian workers do not produce “goods” in their jobs. Instead, they provide “services” for others. The range of services is very great and includes such things as retailing, office work, education, health care, communications, government, transportation, and personal services.

Service industries in one form or another are spread over the entire country. In every community there are stores, banks, schools, police forces, and dozens of other services. The majority of service industries are found in town and cities because services are provided for people and there are many more people in urban areas,

Canada’s economy depends upon the creation of jobs in all three types of industry.

Introduction

●All (1)    ▲    can be divided into three categories: extractive industries, manufacturing industries and service industries.

Extractive industries

●Extractive industries arc also called primary industries, which are

 (2)  ▲   with the exploitation of raw materials from the natural environment.

(3)   ▲ 

industries

●Manufacturing industries (4)    ▲    raw materials into products, which can be used by people or companies.

●Manufacturing industries can be grouped into primary manufacturing and (5)    ▲    manufacturing.

●Primary manufacturing (6)    ▲    steel from iron ore for further processing.

●Secondary manufacturing will then use the steel to make products like cars, bikes, etc. for people to use.

Service industries

●Service industries provide services the other two industries need. Without these services, our society cannot (7)    ▲     .

●Service industries provide jobs for shop assistants, office (8)  ▲  , teachers, doctors, and many others.

●Service industries mainly (9)   ▲     services for people.

Closing

●Our society is (10)   ▲   on all three trees of industry.

1. jobs 2. associated/connected3. Manufacturing4. process/transform/turn  5. secondary 6. makes[来源:

7. operate/function 8. workers 9. provide 10. based/dependent

四.写作  假如今天是626,国际戒毒日(the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking)。请你以“珍爱生命,拒绝毒品”为主题,根据下面所给出的要点提示,用英语给全校学生写一封倡议书。

1. 目前现状:我国吸毒人数有100多万,而且呈上升趋势,而青少年占大多数。

2. 毒品危害:毒品成为社会公害。人一旦染上毒瘾,就很难戒掉。为此,有的人倾家荡产,有的人违法犯罪。

3. 提出倡议:为了自己,家人和社会,珍爱生命,拒绝毒品,为禁毒事业尽一份义务,共创美好生活。

  根据以上内容,写一篇150词左右的文章。

  要求:语言通畅,不要逐句翻译。

参考范文:

Dear fellow students,

  Today is 26th June, the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. It is a day when all nations are expected to work together to fight against drug abuse.

  It is reported that over one million people in China take illegal drugs and the number is still increasing. Worse still, a large number of them are teenagers.

  Once addicted to drugs, it’s difficult for you to get rid of them. Many drug takers lose their possessions or families in order to obtain drugs. Some even commit crimes and end up in prison.

  As high school students, we must know the danger of drug abuse. We should try our best to help those who need help. We should stay away from drugs and value our own lives.

  Dear fellow students, for the benefit of ourselves, our families and the whole of society, let’s start right now and spare no effort to make our life better!


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