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三尺讲台是我的T台。选择了就不后悔,在与教育流氓叫板的呐喊声中像自己手中的粉笔一样,给孩子们描绘美好的未来,自己变成微不足道的粉末。

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高三复习小练习十九  

2016-01-15 13:09:43|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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高三复习小练习十九

一.选择题

1. _____ worried the child was ______ his not being allowed to visit the hospital. (C)

  A. It, that        B. That, what       C. What, /        D. As, that

2. Dr. Smith comes from either Oxford or Cambridge. I can’t remember ______. (B)

  A. where       B. which        C. there       D. what

3. He gave himself a new name to hide his ____ when he went to carry out the secret task. (C)

A. emotion            B. talent                C. identity          D. treasure

4. It is important to remember that success _______ a sum of small efforts made each day and often ______ years of achieve.  (A)

A. is; takes              B. are; takes                  C. are; take                   D. is; take

5. Last year was the warmest year on record, with global temperature 0.68 ____ the average.(D)

A. below                   B. on                     C. at                      D. above

6. These comments came           specific questions often asked by local newsmen. (B)

A. in memory of    B. in response to        C. in touch with        D. in possession of

7. He ____ does not prevent a crime when he can, encourages ______. (B)

   A. whom, that     B. who, it       C. that, what         D. that, one

8. _____ makes resisting temptation difficult, for many people, is ____ they don’t want to discourage it completely. (A)

  A. What, that       B. Which, what     C. That, what      D. What, which

9. _____ you smile when no one else is around, you really mean it.  (C)

  A. Before         B. After         C. If          D. While

10. The girl used to be shy, but is _______ getting active in group work and is more willing to express herself. (A)

A. gradually        B. usually                 C. previously             D. merely

11. Body language can        a lot about your mood, so standing with your arms folded can send out a signal that you are being defensive. (D)

A. take away       B. throw away     C. put away            D. give away

12. Real listening is a _____ to let the other person change you. (D)

   A. quickness       B. ability        C. gift          D. willingness

13. —Did you have difficulty finding Ann’s house? B

   —Not really. She ______ us clear directions and we were able to find it easily.

A. was to give     B. had given         C. was giving            D. would give

14. After receiving the Oscar for Best Supporting Actress, Anne Benedict went on      all the people who had helped in her career. A

  A. to thank              B. thanking         C. having thanked       D. to have thanked

15. —Can’t you stay a little longer? C

—It’s getting late. I really _____go now. My daughter is home alone.

A .may                 B. can                  C . must               D .dare 

16. The boss of the company is trying to create an easy atmosphere ______ his employees enjoy their work.  A

A. where         B. which        C. when                D. who

17. There is only one more day to go         your favorite music group play live. D

A. since          B. until       C. when         D. before

18. This gives us day and night as we move from the sunny side facing the sun to the dark side ______ it. (C)

   A. aside from      B. except for      C. away from      D. regardless of

19. —Sorry, Liz. I think I was a bit rude to you.

—______, but don’t do that again! B

A. Go ahead              B. Forget it            C. It depends         D. With pleasure

20. If _____for the job, you’ll be informed soon. D

A .to accept             B. accept             C. accepting                D. accepted

二.阅读理解

A

People who multitask all the time may be the worst at doing two things at once, a new research suggests. The findings, based on performances and self-evaluation by about 275 college students, indicate that many people multitask not out of a desire to increase productivity, but because they are easily distracted and can’t focus on one activity. And “those people turn out to be the worst at handling different things,” said David Sanbonmatsu, a psychologist at the University of Utah.

Sanbonmatsu and his colleagues gave the students a set of tests and asked them to report how often they multitasked, how good they thought they were at it, and how sensation-seeking or imperative they were. They then evaluated the participants’ multitasking ability with a tricky mental task that required the students to do simple mathematical calculations while remembering a set of letters.

Not surprisingly, the scientists said, most people thought they were better than average at multitasking, and those who thought they were better at it were more likely to report using a cellphone while driving or viewing multiple kinds of media at once. But those who frequently deal with many things at the same time were found to perform the worst at the actual multitasking test. They also were more likely to admit to sensation-seeking and impulsive behavior, which connects with how easily people get bored and distracted.

People multitask not because it’s going to lead to greater productivity, but because they’re distractible, and they get sucked into things that are not as important.” Sanbonmatsu said.

Adam Gazzaley, a researcher at the University of California, San Francisco, who was not a member of the research group, said one limitation of the study was that it couldn’t find out whether people who start out less focused toward multitasking or whether people’s recognizing and understanding abilities change as a result of multitasking.

The findings do suggest, however, why the sensation-seeker who multitask the most may enjoy risky distracted driving. “People who are multitasking are generally less sensitive to risky situations.” said Paul Atchley, another researcher not in the group. “This may partly explain why people go in for these situations even though they’re dangerous.”

1. The research led by Sanbonmatsu indicates that people who multitask ________.

A. seek high productivity constantly

B. prefer handling different things when getting bored

C. are more focused when doing many things at a time

D. have the poorest results in doing various things at the same time

2. When Sanbonmatsu and his colleagues conducted their research, they ________.

A. assessed the multitasking ability of the students

B. evaluated the academic achievements of the students

C. analyzed the effects of the participants’ tricky mental tasks

D. measured the changes of the students’ understanding ability

3. According to Sanbonmatsu, people multitask because of their ________.

A. limited power in calculation                            B. interests in doing things differently

C. inability to concentrate on one task                 D. impulsive desire to try new things

4. From the last paragraph, we can learn that multitaskers usually ________.

A. drive very skillfully    B. go in for different tasks

C. fail to react quickly to potential dangers     

D. refuse to explain the reasons for their behavior

1.D。第一段直接给出答案。

2.A。文章第二段的一开始交代了答案。

3.C。“because they’re distractible, and they get sucked into things that are not as important.”暗示答案。

4.C。最后一段当中的“people who are multitasking are generally less sensitive to risky situation” 暗示正确答案。

B

Some years ago, writing in my diary used to be a usual activity. I would return from school and spend the expected half hour recording the day’s events, feeling, and impressions in my little blue diary. I did not really need to express my emotions by way of words, but I gained a certain satisfaction from seeing my experiences forever recorded on paper. After all, isn’t accumulating memories a way of preserving the past?

When I was thirteen years old, I went on a long journey on foot in a great valley, well-equipped with pens, a diary, and a camera. During the trip, I was busy recording every incident, name and place I came across. I felt proud to be spending my time productively, dutifully preserving for future generations a detailed description of my travels. On my last night there, I wandered out of my tent, diary in hand. The sky was clear and lit by the glare of the moon, and the walls of the valley looked threatening behind their screen of shadows. I automatically took out my pen…

At that point, I understood that nothing I wrote could ever match or replace the few seconds I allowed myself to experience the dramatic beauty of the valley. All I remembered of the previous few days were the dull characterizations I had set down in my diary.

Now, I only write in my diary when I need to write down a specical thought or feeling. I still love to record ideas and quotations that strike me in books, or observations that are particularly meaningful. I take pictures, but not very often only of objects I find really beautiful. I’m no longer blindly satisfied with having something to remember when I grow old. I realize that life will simply pass me by if I stay behind the camera, busy preserving the present so as to live it in the future.

I don’t want to wake up one day and have nothing but a pile of pictures and notes. Maybe I won’t have as many exact representations of people and places; maybe I’ll forget certain facts, but at least the experiences will always remain inside me. I don’t live to make memories I just live, and the memories from themselves.

5. Before the age of thirteen, the author regarded keeping a diary as a way of ________.

A. observing her school routine                           B. expressing her satisfaction

C. impressing her classmates                               D. preserving her history

6. What caused a change in the author’s understanding of keeping a diary?

A. A dull night on the journey.                            B. The beauty of the great valley.

C. A striking quotation from a book.                    D. Her concerns for future generations.

7. What does the author put in her diary now?

A. Notes and beautiful pictures.                           B. Special thoughts and feelings.

C. Detailed accounts of daily activities.                D. Descriptions of unforgettable events.

8. The author comes to realize that to live a meaningful life is ________.

A. to experience it                            B. to live the present in the future

C. to make memories                D. to give accurate representations of it

5—8DBBA

5.D。从短文的第一段“I did not really need to express my emotions by way of words, but I gained a certain satisfaction from seeing my experiences forever recorded on paper.” 可以得知答案。

6.B。从短文的第三段“At that point, I understood that nothing I wrote could ever match or replace the few seconds I allowed myself to experience the dramatic beauty of the valley.” 可以得知答案:当时,我明白了,我写的任何东西都配不上和代表我所经历的短暂的几秒钟山谷的神奇的美丽。

7.B。从短文的第四段“Now, I only write in my diary when I need to write down a special thought or feeling.” 可以得知答案。

8.A。由第五段的“I realize that life will simply pass me by if I stay behind the camera, busy preserving the present so as to live it in the future.” 可得知答案。

三.任务型阅读

A

D. R. Gaul Middle School is in Union, Maine, a blueberry-farming town where the summer fair finds kids competing in pig scrambles and pie-eating contests.

Gaul, with about 170 seventh- and eighth-graders, has its own history of lower level academic achievement. One likely reason: Education beyond the basic requirements hasn't always been a top priority for families who've worked the same land for generations. Here, few adults have college degrees, and outsiders (teachers included) are often kept at a respectful distance.

Since 2002, Gaul's students have been divided into four classes, each of them taught almost every subject by two teachers. The goal: To find common threads across disciplines to help students create a big picture that gives fresh meaning and context to their classwork -- and sparks motivation for learning.

Working within state guidelines, each team makes its individual schedules and lesson plans, incorporating non-textbook literature, hands-on lab work and field trips. If students are covering the Civil War in social studies, they're reading The Red Badge of Courage or some other period literature in English class. In science, they study the viruses and bacteria that caused many deaths in the war.

Team teaching isn't unusual. About 77 percent of middle schools now employ some form of it, says John Lounsbury, consulting editor for the National Middle School Association. But most schools use four- or five-person teams, which Gaul tried before considering two-person teams more effective. Gaul supports the team concept by "looping" classes so that the same two teachers stick with the same teens through seventh and eighth grades. Combining teams and looping creates an extremely strong bond between teacher and student. “It also”, says teacher Beth Ahlholm, "allows us to build an excellent relationship with parents."

Ahlholm and teammate Madelon Kelly are fully aware how many glazed looks they see in the classroom, but they know 72 percent of their eighth-graders met Maine's reading standard last year -- double the statewide average. Only 31 percent met the math standard, still better than the state average (21 percent). Their students also beat the state average in writing and science. And in2006, Gaul was one of 47 schools in the state to see testing gains of at least 20 percent in four of the previous five years, coinciding roughly with team teaching's arrival.

1.achieved2.Further3.closed 4.motivated 5.adopeted/conducted 6. tie/connection/bond/relationship 7. success 8. reaching/meeting 9. 10/ten 10. witnessing/seeing

B

Some people believe that greed and selfishness has become the basis of modern society. We should return to the old traditions of family and community, and then we will have a better life. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the above opinion?

In this fast-paced world, many values are undergoing major changes. While people traditionally prioritize caring, sharing and generosity in life and work, modern people seem to be more self-absorbed and self-concerned.

Modern people act selfishly to survive the harsh competition of life. They say that it is a jungle out there. To survive, you have to fight with whatever means that come handy. Obviously greedy and selfishness go perfectly well with such ideas. In a company, employees do everything they can to get better pay and higher position, even at the cost of colleagues. We are in any way advocating any selfish conduct. It is just that people are pressured to act in a certain way due to outside influences.

In spite of common practice, it is hard to conclude that modern society is built on greed and selfishness, both of which are not newly invented vocabulary. In ancient times people also did greedy and selfish things though such behaviors were more condemned then. But we cannot ignore the fact that people in the past lived a relatively more isolated life and faced less pressure compared with their modern twins.

Are we happier to share with others and be generous to them? There is no fixed answer either. Some people take great pleasure helping and giving to others while others feel happy doing the opposite. But I personally think that people should not be too selfish. Caring for others can actually encourage the development of a mutually beneficial relationship.

In conclusion, modern people appear to be more self-centered than those in the past due to strong outside pressure. However, we should encourage people to know the importance of being caring and generous and to build a mutually beneficial relationship with others.

 

Are Modern People Becoming More Selfish?

Main comparisons

Contexts

People’s sense of (1) _______ are changing.

In the past people put caring, sharing and generosity in the (2)________ place.

Nowadays, people seem to be more (3)_________ about themselves.

(4)________ are changing too.

People in the past appeared to be modest and self-effacing.

People may strive to achieve their own (5)_________, even at the price of their coworkers.

The author’s understanding

(6)_______ for the changes in author’s eyes

Fierce (7)________and great (8)_______on modern people may be responsible for the changes.

The author’s (9)_________ towards topic

A relationship which can (10)_________ both sides should be established.

1.value 2.first 3.concerned 4. Behaviors 5. goals 6. Reasons 7.competition 8.pressure 9.attitudes 10.benefit

四.写作  请以“”为题,写一篇150字的文章。请围绕以下内容展开思考,进行作文:

1. 例举为什么学习的原因。

2. 谈谈知识的重要性。

参考范文:

   Why on earth do I learn? I learn because I want to explore the secret of nature and the society and not just to get an academic degree or a diploma. It is a fact that in these years an academic degree or a diploma alone can’t guarantee a good job. In this changing world we are faced with challenges every day and my knowledge is far from being enough. I think it my duty to learn.

   In my opinion, knowledge is very important. We all know Bacon’s saying—Knowledge is power. It is knowledge that enables us to get rid of ignorance and find out ways of overcoming our difficulties. What’s more, knowledge is also wealth, which is precious and can’t be stolen.

   Now I am a senior three student busy preparing for the coming college entrance examination. To learn and to learn well are what I should do! 

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