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三尺讲台是我的T台。选择了就不后悔,在与教育流氓叫板的呐喊声中像自己手中的粉笔一样,给孩子们描绘美好的未来,自己变成微不足道的粉末。

网易考拉推荐

高考英语写作讲练2  

2015-10-09 13:56:58|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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如何进行文字提纲式式作文的写作?

文字提纲式作文大体分为两种:提纲要点式和提纲表格式。

不过无论是以哪种形式出现都不外乎是用文字(中文、英文)给出写作信息和要求写作形式,即给出要点或提纲,也称作要点式书面表达,或文字提示作文,属于控制性作文。文字提纲式作文既是历年高考的传统题型,也是历年高考的主流题型。

这类题型的主要特点是:要点明确,范围具体,贴近生活,易于动笔。此类试题中有较多的文字说明,实际上规定了考生表述的思路,对考生的写作范围作了较为明确的限定,试题中规定的要点一个也不能回避。考生既不能随意发挥也不能逐条翻译。但随着高考改革的进程加快,这种题型的开放度越来越大。近几年,在允许考生适当添加细节内容的基础上,要求考生发表自己的观点或看法。动笔前,先考虑文章的逻辑性,弄清先写什么,后写什么。若给出的提示层次清楚,可按提示的顺序进行表达;倘若提示层次凌乱,就要对题目所表达的要点顺序做适当的调整。书面表达不同于逐句翻译,如果只是对提示进行翻译,而不考虑文章前后的连贯性,支离破碎的文章即使没有语法或拼写等错误,它依然不是一篇好文章。所以为了使表达得以连贯,有时还需要增加一些合理的细节。当然所加的内容一定要精略得当,否则会弄巧成拙。

试题举例

假设你是天津晨光中学学生会主席李华。你校将于626日接待来自于美国某中学的学生访问团。你受学校委托,负责安排一日活动。请根据以下提示,用英语给该团的领队Smith 先生写一封电子邮件,介绍活动计划并简要说明理由,最后征求对方意见。

①上午与我校学生座谈(话题如校园生活、文化差异等);

②中午与我校学生共同进餐(午餐包括饺子、面条等);

③下午与我校学生游览海河。

注意:1.词数不少于100

2.可是当加入细节,以使内容充实、行文连贯;

3.信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总次数。

参考词汇:海河 the Haihe River

Dear Mr. Smith,

I am Li Hua, chairman of the Student Union, from Chenguang High School in Tianjin. __                       

                                       

 

 

Yours sincerely

                                         Li Hua

通过审题,确定本文的话题为“给对方介绍活动安排并征求对方意见”。围绕这个话题,将题目中叙述的文字转换成以下要点:

①你们626来访我们学校;

我受学校委托,负责安排你们在津的一日活动;

我给你们做一下简单介绍;

④上午与我校学生座谈(话题如校园生活、文化差异等);

⑤中午与我校学生共同进餐(午餐包括饺子、面条等);

⑥下午与我校学生游览海河;

⑦征求对方意见。

为了表达的连贯,要点可作以下细化:

①得知(你们626日来访我们学校),我非常高兴。

②(我受学校委托,负责安排你们在津的一日活动),我非常荣幸;

③根据“上午与我校学生座谈(话题如校园生活、文化差异等)”这一要点结合常识应该增加:带你们参观校园等;

④座谈目的是什么?增加相互之间的理解

⑤简要说明一下吃饺子、面条的理由:中国特色的食品,让客人了解中国传统习俗和文化;

⑥海河:著名的风景名胜;

⑦访问到此结束;

⑧在征求对方意见时要增加一些客套话。

如:您认为我的这个活动计划如何?

如果您对这个活动计划安排不满意的话,我们会按照您的建议改进。

我盼望您的回复。

       把以上要点再用英语表达:

I’m glad to know you’ll pay a visit to our school on June 26.

I’m glad to know you’ll come to our school on June 26.

I feel/am honored to have been appointed to take charge of arranging all the activities on that day.

I feel/am honored to have been asked to in charge of your schedule on that day.

 Now would you like me to introduce it to you briefly / in brief?

In the morning , we will show you around our school campus.

In the morning , you’ll have a talk with/communicate with us students. The topic includes school life, the

cultural differences in order to promote understanding each other.

In the morning ,a discussion will be held, which may cover such topics as school life, cultural differences ,aiming to improve mutual understanding.

We’ll have lunch together. You will be able to eat Chinese typical food such as dumplings and noodles, helping you know more about our traditional customs and culture.

     To let you know more about our traditional customs and culture, we will prepare dumplings and noodles as main food.

Haihe River is a famous place of interest in Tianjin. So in the afternoon, you’ll visit it together (along)     with/ as well as us.

In the afternoon, you together with some of our student representatives are going to visit the Haihe River and enjoy the beautiful scenery there.

You will end your visit to our school.

What do you think of the plan?  If you are not satisfied with the plan, we’ll improve it according to your suggestions. I look forward to your reply.

What do you think of the plan?  Can you give me some advice on how to make your visit to our school more interesting and impressive? I look forward to your reply.

This is the plan (which/that) I have made for your visit. I wonder if you are satisfied with it. If not, please do let me know. We’ll try our best to meet your demands/We’ll do all (that) we can (do) to meet your demands/We’ll do what we can to meet your demands.

整理成文

Dear Mr. Smith,

I am Li Hua, chairman of the Student Union, from Chenguang High School. I’m glad to know you’ll pay a visit to our school on June 26. I feel/am honored to have been appointed to take charge of arranging all the activities on that day. Now would you like me to introduce it to you briefly / in brief?

In the morning , we will show you around our school campus. Then a discussion will be held, which may cover such topics as school life, cultural differences in order to promote understanding each other. At noon, we’ll have lunch together and you will be able to eat Chinese typical food such as dumplings and noodles, helping you know more about our traditional customs and culture. Haihe River is a famous place of interest in Tianjin. So in the afternoon, you’ll visit it together (along) with us. After that, you will end your visit to our school.

What do you think of the plan? If you are not satisfied with the plan, we’ll improve it according to your suggestions. I look forward to your reply.

                                                   Yours sincerely,

                                                       Li Hua

参考范文:

Dear Mr. Smith,

      I am Li Hua, chairman of the Student Union, from Chen-guang High School. A students' visiting group coming from the US will pay a visit to our school on June 26 and I was appointed to take charge of arranging all the activities on that day. My plan about these activities is as follows.

     In the morning on your arrival, we will show you around our school and introduce our most advanced science lab to you. Then a discussion will be held, which may cover such topics as school life, cultural differences and so on, aiming to improve mutual understanding. At noon, we will have a get-together in our school's dining hall. To let our guests know more about our traditional customs and culture, we will prepare dumplings and noodles as main food. In the afternoon, our guests together with some of our student representatives are going to visit the Haihe River and enjoy the beautiful scenery there. After that, you will end your visit to our school.

     What do you think of the plan? Can you give me some advice on how to make your visit to our school more interesting and impressive? I look forward to your reply.

                                                   Yours sincerely,

                                                       Li Hua

热身练习1

根据下面表格的提示,以“How to Get Along Well with Others”为题,写一篇150字的短文。为了行文连贯,写作时可作一定的发挥,文章要有象样的开头和结尾。

题目

方法

怎样和他人相处

诚实守信对待他人,不说谎。

谦虚谨慎对待他人,自傲赢不得他人的尊重。

无私地善待他人、关心他人。

参考范文

In our daily life, we are in contact with all kinds of people. So it is important for us to know how to get along well with other people. To get along well with others and win their friendships, we should do as follows.

To begin with, we must be honest to others and should always say what we mean. Lies, of course, will make others stay far away from us in the future. After all, honesty is the best policy. Second, we should be modest and plain. If we are proud before others, we will not gain their respect, let along friendship. Last but not least, we must be unselfish. We should think of others instead of only ourselves. Showing concern for others means showing concern for ourselves.

As long as we act in the way mentioned above, we will find it easy to get along well with others.

热身练习2

假如你是一位导游,正带领游客游览南通狼山风景区。请根据以下的图表信息,写一篇进入景区前的讲话稿。字数150左右。

风景区的介绍

1.位于南通市的南部,从南通城驱车前往大约15分钟的路程。狼山风景区是苏北的游览胜地。

2.狼山风景区由五座小山组成,狼山看上去像一只狼,居风景区的中心。1000年前,这五座小山是海中的小岛。

3.每年有成千上万的游客到狼山来观光。南通因风景如画的狼山而闻名。

少数游客的不良行为

1.  乱扔废纸、塑料袋、罐头

2.  破坏花草、树木

3.  在林中生火烧饭

你的建议

参考答案:

Ladies and gentlemen:

    Here we are at the gate of the Wolf Hill scenery area.

The Wolf Hill scenery area lies in the south of Nantong City. It’s about 15 minutes’ drive from the city. It is a place of interest in the north of Jiangsu. The Wolf Hill scenery area is made up of five hills. The Wolf Hill is like a wolf and it stands in the middle of the area. These five hills were really five small islands in the sea 1000 years ago. Every year, thousands of tourists come to visit the Wolf Hill. Nantong is famous for its beautiful Wolf Hill.

It’s a shame that some tourists do not pay attention to environment protection. They threw about waste paper, plastic bags and tins everywhere. Besides, they destroyed trees and flowers. More serious, they even make a fire to cook in the woods. That is dangerous!

My suggestion is that all of you should carry your lunch in order not to start fire in the woods and when you leave, take away all the rubbish with you.

 

 

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