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China's Tusi( chieftain) relics named as World Heritage Site  

2015-07-05 22:59:49|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Chinas Tusi( chieftain) relics named as World Heritage Site - 向阳英语教育 - 向阳英语教育的博客

These ruins in the Tangya chieftain city are in Central China's Hubei province. 

What is the Native Chieftain System of ancient China?

The Native Chieftain System was a special political system adopted by the ancient Chinese emperors to govern ethnic minority regions. It allowed local tribal leaders to inherit the official positions of the empire.

The system was practiced by the governments of the Yuan (1271-1368), Ming (1368-1644), and Qing (1644-1912) dynasties, but dates as far back as the Five Dynasties period (907-960).

The chieftain, also known as Tusi, was a tribal leader appointed as an imperial official by the central government in ancient China.

Tusi ruled their tribes on the basis of the empire's law and proprieties as well as local customs, contributing to the distinctive Tusi political and cultural tradition.

The Tusi system embodied political wisdom in handling relationships among ethnic groups in ancient China.
 What are Tusi sites?

Tusi sites are a unique witness to the Native Chieftain System in ancient China.

Most Tusi sites were built along hillsides, mixing with and taking advantage of local topography by making hills the main defensive elements.

The Tusi sites tactfully integrated government offices, residential quarters, military fortifications and commercial and transportation facilities into fully-functioning cities within limited space in the mountainous area. They are exceptional examples of mountain cities in ancient China.
 Tangya Tusi Site in Hubei province

Tangya Tusi city in Xianfeng county in Central China's Hubei Province was even bigger than the Forbidden City in Beijing. Chieftains ruled there for 460 years. Statues, a cemetery and an ornately decorated memorial archway still stand.
 Hailongtun Site in Guizhou province

The ruins of Hailongtun castle in Zunyi, Southwest China's Guizhou province, are located at the top of a mountain. The fortress was built in 1257 and burned down in a battle in 1600. The site covers 1.59 square kilometers, and more than 2,000 cultural relics were unearthed in 2012, including porcelain, jade and ink slabs.

Laosicheng Site in Hunan province

The Yongshun old Tusi city, or Laosicheng Site, in Central Hunan province has a history dating back more than 600 years. Lying on the bank of a river, it is the largest, oldest and best preserved Tusi city site in China, with a temple, ancestral house, cemeteries and memorial archway. The complicated sewer ditch network is still working.

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