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南京六合实验高级中学高一英语午练(6.16)  

2015-06-12 10:30:58|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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南京六合实验高级中学高一英语午练(6.16

一、阅读理解

 

Two good friends, Sam and Jason, had a car accident. The next morning, Sam woke up but Jason was stillunconscious (昏迷的). When Dr. Smith saw Sam awake, he smiled at him and asked, “How are you feeling today?” Sam smiled back and said, “Wonderful! Promise me you won’t tell Jason anything.” Dr. Smith was moved by Sam’s words and said, “You are a very brave man. You know I won’t do that. Trust me.”

Months later Jason recovered. He stopped hanging out with Sam. He felt unhappy to spend time with a disabled person like Sam. Sam was lonely and heart-broken. One day Sam died in despair (失望). When Jason was on his burial (葬礼), Dr. Smith gave Sam’s letter to him.

The letter read, “Dear Jason, I have kept my promise to give you my eyes if anything had happened to them. Now there is nothing more that I can do. You will see through my eyes that you will always be my best friend ... Sam.”

When he finished reading, Dr. Smith added, “I had promised Sam to keep it a secret.” Jason stood there with tears on his face.

1. In the first paragraph, Dr. Smith promised Sam to ______.

     A. make friends with him             B. take good care of Jason

     C. give Jason the letter                D. keep a secret from Jason

2. Why did Jason stop hanging out with Sam?

     A. He recovered but still couldn’t move freely.

     B. He felt upset to be with a disabled man like Sam.

     C. He just found another friend.

     D. He didn’t know what had happened to Sam.

3. When Jason finished reading the letter, he felt so ______.

     A. heart-broken       B. worried                        C. discouraged             D. calm

4. What can we learn from the passage?

     A. Leave your friend when he is in trouble.

     B. Trust a friend when he has changed.

     C. Brave people are the best friends.

     D. Be faithful to your friend forever.

B

One day, my daughter, a mentally disabled child, pretended to be sick and didn’t want to go to the kindergarten, where a contest was going to be held, which was difficult for her to finish. But I encouraged her to face it and promised that I would go with her.

Everything went well until it was time for the sack(麻袋) race. Now each child had to climb into a sack from a standing position, hop to a goal line, return and climb out of the sack.

I watched Kristi standing near the end of her line of players, looking very nervous. But as it was Kristi's turn to begin the race, a change took place in her team. The tallest boy in the line stood behind Kristi and placed his hands on her waist. Two other boys stood a little ahead of her. The moment the player in front of Kristi walked out of the sack, those two boys took the sack at once and held it open while the tall boy lifted Kristi and dropped her neatly(利索地) into it. A girl in front of Kristi took her hand and supported(支撑) her for a short time until Kristi gained her balance. Then off she hopped, smiling and proud.

Among the cheers of teachers, schoolmates and parents, I walked out of the crowds quietly, eyes full of tears. I thanked the warm, understanding people in life as well as her little friends. They made it possible for my disabled daughter to be like her fellow human beings.

5. The author’s daughter pretended to be sick because       .

     A. she disliked going to school

     B. she didn’t want to take part in the contest

     C. her classmates often laughed at her

     D. the author wouldn’t go to school with her

6. Which of the following is the right order of the sack race?

     a. Climb out of the sack.           b. Hop to a goal line.

     c. Climb into the sack.             d. Return to the standing position.

     A. a b c d     B. c d b a        C. c b d a          D. b c a d

7. What does the underlined phrase “the moment” mean?

     A. As soon as.                         B. So that.            C. In case.         D. Now that.

8. The tallest boy stood behind Kristi        .

     A. to hold the sack open for her                       B. to help her to gain her balance

     C. to help her climb out of the sack                      D. to lift her and put her into the sack

C

One day, a teacher asked her students to list the names of their classmates on two pieces of paper, leaving a space after each name. Then she told them to think of the nicest thing they could say about each of them. That Saturday, the teacher wrote down the names and the words of each student on a separate piece of paper. On Monday she gave each student the list. 

Before long, the students were smiling. “I never knew that I meant anything to anyone! And I didn’t know others liked me so much,” most students said. No one ever mentioned anything about the paper in class again, but it didn’t matter. The students were happy with themselves and one another. That group of students moved on. 

Several years later, one of the students, Mike, would graduate from Harvard University and this teacher and some former classmates attended the commencement (毕业典礼).

Mike came up to her. “I want to show you something,” he said, taking a wallet out of his pocket. He carefully took out two worn pieces of notebook paper. The teacher knew without looking at the paper. “Thank you so much for doing that,” Mike said. All of Mike’s former classmates started to gather around. Charlie said, “Mine is in the top drawer of my desk.” Chuck said, “I put mine in my album.” “I think we all treasured our lists,” Marilyn said.

Tears rolled down the eyes of the teacher. We may encounter so many people in our lives, and it’s a precious joy to see the good in all those journeys.

9. After receiving the list, every student felt ______.

     A. sad and surprised                                              B. pleased and surprised

     C. excited and worried                                  D. pleased and touched

10. What happened to the students after they read the list?

  A. They became much clever.                           B. They knew each other better.   

     C. They worked much harder.                           D. They talked less in class.

11. The underlined word “encounter” in the last paragraph probably means “______”.

     A. find              B. teach              C. miss               D. meet    

12. What would be the best title of the passage?

     A. A good method to test others                         B. An interesting experience

     C. An unforgettable classroom activity                    D. A story of a successful student

D

There was a five-year-old boy named Alex. His family always said to him, “Alex, you are too naughty!”

Each morning when he woke up, he would love to annoy (骚扰) everyone. He would throw clothes on the floor, and then jump on his little sister’s bed. He seemed to get pleasure from them. This morning at the breakfast table, he threw the bread at his sister. His sister cried and his mom warned Alex that he couldn’t play with the computer.

At school, Alex threw pencils at the teacher. The teacher said, “Stop, Alex! Go to my office.” Standing at the teacher’s office alone, Alex began to think about what he had done. Thirty minutes passed and still nobody came. He finally realized that being annoying would only get punishment (惩罚), and it was better to get people’s attention through kindness and good actions.

So when it was time to leave, Alex said to his teacher, “I am sorry that I threw a pencil.” Then he gave her ahug (拥抱) and the teacher forgave him. Alex went home. He said “sorry” to his family and gave everyone a hug. Alex entered his bedroom and cleaned his room. After that day, he realized that he has grown up and it was time to be kind to people.

13. What happened on the breakfast table one morning?

     A. Alex threw toys on the floor.                          B. Alex made his little sister cry.

     C. Alex played with his computer.                         D. Alex refused to eat his breakfast.

14. When Alex was in the teacher’s office, he began to feel ______.

     A. angry with his teacher                               B. pitiful and helpless

     C. pleased to get the teacher’s attention                   D. really sorry for being so naughty

15. After he left the teacher’s office, Alex ______.

     A. realized that he must get people’s attention

     B. decided to do something to make up for what he had done

     C. learned that being kind to people won’t be punished

     D. seemed to grow up but was still a naughty boy

二、任务型阅读  请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。注意:每空格1个单词。

In Britain all children have to go to school between the ages of 5 and 16. In the US children must go to school from the age of 6 to between the ages of 14 and 16, depending on the state they live in.

In England and Wales the subjects taught in schools are laid down(制定)by the National Curriculum(课程), which was introduced in 1988 and sets out(阐述) in detail the subjects that children should study and the levels of achievement they should reach by the ages of 7, 11, 14 and 16, when they are tested. The National Curriculum does not apply in Scotland, where each school decides what subjects will be taught.

In the US the subjects taught are decided by national and local governments. While British schools usually have prayers(祈祷) and religious(宗教的) instruction, American schools are not allowed to include prayers or to teach particular religious beliefs(信仰).

At 16 students in England and Wales take GCSE examinations. These examinations are taken by students of all levels of ability. At 18 some students take A-level examinations, usually in not more than 3 subjects. It is necessary to have A-levels in order to go to a university.

In the US school examinations are not as important as they are in Britain. Students in High Schools do have exams at the end of their last two years, but these final exams are considered along with the work that the students have done during the school years.

1_______ in the UK and the USA

In both countries, children must go to school at (2)_______ ages.

(3)_______

Subjects

(4)_______

The UK

Laid down by the governmentexcept (5)_______ where each school decides what subjects it will teach.

British schools usually have prayers and religious   instruction.

In England and Wales, students take GCSE examinations.
Some students take A-level examinations to go to a university at the age of (6)_______.

The USA

(7)_______ by national and local governments

Prayers or particular religious beliefs are not (8)_______inUS schools.

Examinations in the US school are (9)_______ important than those inBritain.

High school students have examsconsidered (10)_______ with the work done during the school years.

答案

1–15  DBADB     CADBC            DCBDB   

1. Education  2. different         3. Countries   4. Examinations/Exams  5. Scotland  6.18/eighteen  7. Decided   8. allowed                             9. less           10. along

 

 南京六合实验高级中学高一英语午练(6.18

一、阅读理解

A

Robert Bateman worked late in the evening of March 31. He studied his painting of three lions. Bateman decided to add some finishing touches. As he turned away from the canvas (画布), he smiled, imagining the reaction of his staff the next morning.

What an April Fools’ joke! The next day, when his assistants came to the studio, they were horrified. What had the famous artist done to his masterpiece? The lions had bat ears!

Robert Bateman, a world-famous wildlife artist, lives in British Columbia, Canada. On working days, he might be found hiking in the mountains, sketching or photographing birds and animals. Bateman spends his days observing, studying, and painting wildlife.

As a boy, he explored the woods and fields around his home in Toronto, Ontario, and he started drawing and painting nature. By the 1970s, he was well known for his realistic paintings of animals and the natural world.

When he’s not out in the woods, or mountains, Bateman can be found at home in front of his easel (画架). At 74 years old, he still gets a thrill out of seeing an eagle. Sometimes, Bateman does not even have to leave home to find an eagle. They come to him. Eaglesperch (歇息) on a dead tree that Bateman “planted” in front of his house.

Bateman looks beyond the dead tree to a small man-made pond. When otters (水獭) began building nests, he built a more appropriate home for them. He hoped to encourage the friendly otters to live under his living room. Now, Bateman enjoys watching them roll around on the roof of their new home.

Bateman’s most exciting place to find subjects to paint is in Africa. “Every day in Africa is thrilling. Everything is exciting,” he says. “There are places in Africa that look like the Garden of Eden (伊甸园).

As for the bat ears on the lions, Bateman painted them on with watercolor paints. After everyone had a good laugh, he simply washed the ears away.

1.  Bateman added bat ears to the lions because         .

     A. he was angry with his assistants

     B. he was dissatisfied with his painting

     C. he’d like to make his painting more attractive

     D. he wanted to make a fool of his staff members

2.  Bateman hikes in the mountains to         .

     A. take care of wildlife               B. build nests for wildlife

     C. research and paint wildlife       D. search for new species of wildlife

3.  From the text we can see         .

     A. Bateman’s paintings don’t look like real things

     B. Bateman has lived in the UK since his childhood

     C. Bateman is particularly fond of living in Africa

     D. Bateman spends a lot of time hunting otters

B

When people talk of a virus these days, chances are that they are talking about computer viruses that have the power to wipe out all the valuable work they may have stored in their computers. Imagine, this virus has the power to make military systems, giant banks, airports, hospitals and traffic systems come to a stop.

The softer the name of the virus, the deadlier it may get. Remember the recent Love Bug virus which created such trouble all over the world? It came as an “I Love You” message and anyone who opened that love-filled e-mail was caught in the virus trap.

What does a computer virus do? It targets electronic objects that are programmed. The virus spreads through connections between these electronic devices. For virus spreading experts, e-mail is a favorite method of unleashing (突然释放) their destructive weapon.

But scientists warn that this is not the worst that can happen. There is more, for people are also connected through phones. The next virus may actually target mobile phones, especially those that are programmed to do many tasks apart from just communicating. It would then be easy for a virus to infect those programmes and create major disorder.

For example, these viruses may have the power to record your phone conversations and make others hear them. They could create problems with your electronic money accounts, or they could create a mountain of telephone bills for calls you never made. And that would be a disaster. A report on this was published in The New Scientist recently.

One way out would be to have simpler phones with not so many different functions. That way there would be fewer programmes for the virus to attack. But mobile phone manufacturers are in a fix. People no longer want an electronic item to perform just one task. They want more and more functions added on. That would mean more software programmes to make the mobile phone perform all those functions. And that means the possibility of more viruses.

4.  It can be inferred from the text that         .

     A. people should be careful when receiving e-mails

     B. computer viruses are not so destructive as people claim

     C. people find it difficult to use the electronic equipment correctly

     D. having electronic money accounts will bring people lots of convenience

5.  Which of the following provably shows that your mobile phone contains viruses?

     A. You can’t hear the one who answers the phone clearly.

     B. You can’t send e-mails with your mobile phone.

     C. Your phone bill increases due to unknown reasons.

     D. You have difficulty getting through to others.

6.  To avoid being attacked by viruses, people are advised to use mobile phones that         .

     A. have complex functions                             B. have fewer functions

     C. can be connected with computers                      D. can only send messages

7.  For whom is the text written mainly?

     A. Virus spreading experts.                            B. Government officials.

     C. Electronic scientists.                                D. Mobile phone users.

C

“Vertical farming” is a term coined by Professor Dickson Despommier to describe the concept of growing large amounts of food in urban high-rise buildings — or so-called “farmscrapers”.

According to Despommier, a 30-story building built on one city block and engineered to maximize year-round agricultural yield — thanks largely to artificial lighting and advanced growing techniques — could feed tens of thousands of people. And it can avoid the transport costs and carbon emissions connected with moving food hundreds or thousands of miles to consumers.

“Each floor will have its own watering and nutrient monitoring systems,” Despommier said, adding that every single plant’s health status and nutrient consumption would be tracked by sensors that would help managers ward off (预防) diseases and increase yield without the need for the chemical fertilizers (化肥) and pesticides (杀虫剂) so common in traditional outdoor agriculture.

“Moreover, a gas instrument will tell us when to pick the plant by analyzing what the produce contains,” Despommier said. “It’s very easy to do. These are all right-off-the-shelf technologies. The ability to construct a vertical farm exists now. We don’t have to make anything new.”

With world population set to top nine billion by 2050 when 80 percent of us will live in cities, Despommier says vertical farming will be the key to feeding an increasingly urbanized human race. A vertical farm on one acre of land can grow as much food as an outdoor farm on four to six acres. Also, vertical farms, being indoors, wouldn’t be subject to the influences of weather and pests.

“The reason we need vertical farming is that horizontal farming is failing,” Despommier said, adding that if current practices don’t change soon, humanity will have to devote to agriculture an area bigger than Brazil to keep pace with global food demand. Another benefit of vertical farming is that former farmland could be returned to a natural state and even help fight global warming. As agricultural land becomes forest and other green space, plants and trees there can store carbon dioxide while also serving as habitat for wildlife otherwise displaced by development.

Some people are against vertical farming, and they argue that the practice would use huge amounts of electricity for the artificial lights and machinery that would assist year-round harvests. They believe that the power demands of vertical farming — growing crops requires about 100 times the amount of light as people working in office buildings — would make the practice too expensive compared to traditional farming where the primary input, sunlight, is free and abundant. 

8.  Which of the following is one of the main features of vertical farming according to Despommier?

     A. Requiring new technologies.                          B. Using no water.

     C. Being environmentally friendly.                       D. Harvesting all the year around.

9.  The underlined sentence in paragraph 4 means         .

     A. the technologies are not practical at present

     B. the technologies are still in the experimental stage

     C. the technologies will be immediately developed

     D. the technologies needn’t be specially designed

10.                        In Despommier’s opinion, vertical farming is needed because         .

     A. traditional farming can’t satisfy the need of people

     B. there is not enough land for traditional farming

     C. global warming affects the production of traditional farming

     D. wildlife needs more room for habitats

11.                        The main problem of vertical farming is         .

     A. the way of harvest                                   B. the cost of light

     C. the type of growing crops                           D. the irrigation of crops

D

It’s hard to make sense of the recent violence, but then again I see violence everyday in Bangkok (曼谷), this was just on a larger scale. I am here to do a job not to analyze or try to understand the political situation.

The recent violence in Bangkok lasted 10 weeks, whereas the tsunami only lasted two weeks. I’m taking another short break right now.

I still teach full-time, about 40 hours a week, which is paid. The ambulance work is voluntary, which is another 40 to 60 hours a week. I have little time for anything else, but when you’re doing something you love 100 hours is nothing. 

The Boxing Day tsunami in 2006 was very intense. Afterwards, I took a break from the foundation and eventually bought my own ambulance. It cost me around $1,000 US to run per month, which is why I had to sell it. I am hoping to get sponsorship (赞助) to buy another one. 

I speak Thai, which is essential for communicating with fellow workers, police, the injured and the radios. I also speak Chinese, Japanese and Korean, which helps out when dealing with foreigners. I am still called to deaths or incidents with foreigners because not many rescue workers can speak English.

Most of my training has been in Thailand, although I study some western books. My practical work’s been pretty much all inThailand with some stints back home in New Zealand with the Wellington Free Ambulance. Paramedics (医护人员) there have acted as my mentors (良师益友) and two doctors in Thailand have helped me with my study. 

I was an electrician when I left school and then got university degrees in linguistics and management. I also worked for what was then the New Zealand Dairy Board. Finally, I ended up teaching in Korea and then Thailand.

I did CPR on a man when I was an electrician and was amazed that we have the ability to save people’s lives. Now, I couldn’t think of anything else I would rather do.

I want to start the Bangkok Free Ambulance like we have back in New Zealand, by the end of the year. I continually study and update my knowledge. Working as a medic is not a job but a way of life.

I love New Zealand, but I don’t think I’ll ever leave Thailand. I’ve done this job for 10 years. I go home every year at Christmas. It’s enough. 

12. What does the author do besides teaching in Thailand? 

     A. A volunteer policeman.         B. A volunteer lawyer.    

     C. A volunteer driver.                D. A volunteer doctor. 

13. About the author, which of following is true?

     A. He is a New Zealander in Thailand.     

     B. He often returned to his homeland.  

     C. He has been in New Zealand for 10 years. 

     D. He used to work in China, Japan, Korea.   

14. From the third paragraph, we can know         .

     A. the author dislikes his present job

     B. the volunteer job is very important

     C. the job is tiring but he likes it

     D. the author prefers teaching than anything 

15. Why have the author learned many foreign languages?

     A. Because the languages are easy to learn.

     B. Because it is very important for him to learn them.

     C. Because he often visits these countries. 

     D. Because many foreigners advised him to learn.

二、任务型阅读  请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

Imagination is the ability to form a mental image of something that is not obtained through the senses. It is the ability of the mind to build mental scenes, objects or events that do not exist, are not present or have not happened in the past.

Everyone possesses some imagination ability. In some it may be highly developed and in others it may be displayed in a weaker form. It is shown in various degrees in various people. Imagination is not limited only to seeing pictures in the mind. It includes all the five senses and the feelings. One can imagine a sound, taste, smell, a physical sensation or a feeling. For some people it is easier to see mental pictures, others find it easier to imagine a feeling, and some are more comfortable imagining the sensation of one of the five senses. Training of the imagination gives the ability to combine all the senses.

Imagination has a great role and value in each one’s life. It gives the ability to look at any situation from a different point of view, and enables one to mentally explore the past and the future. In your imagination you can travelanywhere freely at the speed of light. It can make you feel free, though temporarily, and only in the mind, from tasks, difficulties and unpleasant circumstances.

We all use imagination, whether consciously or unconsciously, in most of our daily affairs. We use it whenever we plan a party, a trip, our work or a meeting. We use it when we describe an event, explain how to write, tell a story or cook a cake.

Imagination is also a creative power that is used extensively in magic, creative visualization and affirmations. It is necessary for inventing an instrument, designing a dress or a building, painting a picture or writing a book. The creative power of imagination has an important role in the achievement of success in any field.

Imagination can change your whole life. When you know how to work with it, you can make your desires come true. But if you do not recognize the importance of the power of imagination, your life may not be as happy and successful as you would have wanted it to be. You may create and attract into your life, events, situations and people that we don’t really want. This is actually what most of us do, because we don’t use the power of imagination correctly.

Lack of understanding of the power of imagination is responsible for the suffering, incompetence, difficulties, failures and unhappiness people experience. For some reason, most people tend to think in a negative way. They do not expect success. They expect the worst, and when they fail, they believe that fate is against them. This attitude can be changed, and then life will improve accordingly.

Understanding how to use your imagination correctly, and putting this knowledge into practice, for your own and others’ benefit, will put you on the golden path to success, satisfaction and happiness.

Paragraph Outline

Supporting Details

(1)         of imagination

●The ability to develop a mental image of something (2)         the help of the senses.

●The ability to build in one’s (3)         new scenes, objects or events.

Features of imagination

●Higher or lower, imagination ability is (4)         by all.

●Imagination includes all the five senses and feelings.

●The ability to combine all the senses can be developed by means of

(5) _______.

(6)         and value of

imagination

Enable people to (7)           any situation in a different way.

●Enable people to mentally explore the past and the future.

●Help people to (8)          their mind.

● Make it easier for people to achieve success in any field.

Lack of imagination

●Unwelcome events, situations and people may enter your life.

●It may (9)          to your unhappy experiences.

(10)        

Understanding and using imagination correctly will bring you success, satisfaction and happiness.

答案:

1–15   DCCAC     BDCDA     BDACB    

1. Definition / Meaning / Explanation / Concept  2. without  3. mind / brain 4. possessed / owned5. training 6. Role 7. consider / view 8. relax / free       9. contribute / lead  10. Conclusion

 

南京六合实验高级中学高一英语午练(6.23

一、阅读理解

A

When Ann Kahn was growing up, her family took the same summer vacation every year  a trip to Yosemite (黄石公园). But things are different for her daughter, Ashley. At 19, Ashley had already set foot on every continent  including Antarctica, and all but one of her journeys abroad were taken without her parents, on trips with other teenagers. She started when she was just 13, visiting Europe with a youth travel organization called People to People Student Ambassadors (大使).

It has really changed my plan for graduation, said Ashley, who is now a freshman of a state university. When I was younger, I thought Id like to be a
nurse someday. But now, I
m learning French, and Id like to be an ambassador after I graduate. Living and working abroad is something I would like to do.

At younger ages than the older generation of Americans, thousands of teenagers like Ashley are seeing more faraway corners of the world. High schools now regularly organize student trips that require passports (护照). Middle-school students hike the rainforest instead of joining lakeside summer camps, and older teenagers use the community service (社会服务工作) they did in Africa as writing material for college essays. The sense of community and family are lifetime memories.

More than half of the students believed middle school life as the biggest stage for growth. You really see kids mature. Ashleys mother Ann Kahn agrees, I did not travel like this growing up, but I think its great that we are able to provide that for her.

1. From the text, we can learn that Ashley        .

   A. visited Europe when she was 13         

   B. set up a youth travel organization

   C. never had a chance to visit Antarctica

   D. took the same summer vacation as her mother

2. After taking several international journeys, Ashley        .

   A. wanted to be a nurse after graduation

   B. accepted the advice from her parents

   C. changed her plan for the future        

   D. decided to have a trip to Yosemite

3. From the text, we can infer that during holidays teenagers in America will do the following EXCEPT       .

   A. joining the school trips

   B. researching the rainforest

   C. travelling aboard        

   D. doing community service in Africa

4. The main purpose of the text is to        .

   A. encourage families to go abroad together

   B. report changes among youngsters in the US

   C. tell parents how to get along with a teenager

   D. introduce the enjoyment of an international trip

B

When I was 25, I opened a “Professional Training School”. One of my first students was a forty-year-old woman named Eleanor. She was in my mother’s age group. By taking my self-development course, she had made up her mind to make some changes.

Our course began with the instruction in proper behaviour and continued with healthy diet, taking exercise, choosing clothes, make-up, public speaking, etc. We taught the students to show themselves perfectly, and to express their natural beauty. Eleanor tried her best during the training. Her sad, tired attitude changed into a smart, interested and curious way. She changed her hair style and make-up with up-to-date fashion (最新潮流). She even bought some new clothes that would bring color to her skin and hair.

At the end of the course, Eleanor pulled me aside. With stars in her eyes she said, “Betty, guess what?” Not having any idea what she was up to, I replied simply, “What, Eleanor?” As happy as a child, she said, “My husband has invited me to lunch!”

It was difficult for me to understand at that time. Then I just said, “Well, that’s really nice, Eleanor.” Her words were serious and she told me that her husband hadn’t invited her to lunch in the last twenty years.

5. When the writer saw Eleanor at the first time, she felt Eleanor was ______.

     A. old and out of fashion              B. young and clever

     C. strong and successful                D. bright and curious

6. The “Professional Training School” helped people ______.

     A. keep young and fit                   B. learn useful skills

     C. get along with others                D. improve themselves

7. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

     A. The writer knew Eleanor years ago.

     B. Eleanor was a hard-working student.

     C. The writer invited Eleanor to teach in the school.

     D. Eleanor went to the school because of her husband.

8. We can learn from the passage that ______.

     A. Eleanor sent a gift to the writer for her great help

     B. Eleanor made a lot of friends in the training school

     C. Eleanor’s husband was happy with her changes

     D. Eleanor’s family was concerned about her classes

C

Christmas is coming, and I can see many people welcome Christmas in their special way in Japan. My students seem to know about some Christmas customs (习俗), but I wonder if they know about the “Christmas spirit” or the spirit of giving. At Christmas time, we give gifts to our friends and family members. We give toys and clothing to families that do not have much money. We give money to organizations that help poor, sick, or lonely people.

Even young children can learn to understand why we often say, “Giving is more important than receiving.” For example, a mother and her child will make something special for Dad and keep it a secret. When Dad opens his gift on Christmas morning, he is surprised and happy. The child learns that making someone happy is just as much fun as, or maybe more fun than, receiving gifts.

Gifts are not always expensive things in pretty boxes. Sometimes, gifts may be a promise to write a letter every week or help with fixing up grandma’s house. In my family, we often give each other simple gifts that were made by ourselves and most of them cost little or no money. Then, together, we give a gift of money to our favorite charity (慈善团体). These gifts are often more meaningful than gifts that we buy from a store.

9. What does the writer do?

     A. She’s a repairman.                                   B. She’s a traveller.          

     C. She’s a teacher.                                                D. She’s a saleswoman.

10. What kind of gifts does the writer advise us to give other people?

     A. Gifts that cost little money.                          B. Gifts that make others happy.

     C. Gifts that you have made yourself.

     D. Gifts that improve the relationship.

11. When the writer gives the Christmas gift to her family, she will choose ______.

     A. toys              B. clothing     C. money           D. homemade gifts

12. In the passage, the writer mainly wants to tell us ______.

     A. that teaching children to give is important

     B. that showing your love is the best gift

     C. how to choose the gifts for others

     D. how to celebrate the festival in a new way

D

Americans often plan social gatherings at short notice, so don’t be surprised if you get invited to someone’s home or to see a movie or baseball game without much warning. If the time is convenient(方便的) for you, surely accept their invitation. But if you’re busy, don’t be afraid to decline the invitation; perhaps suggesting a time would be better. Your host won’t be ashamed.

Invitations are usually sent in person or over the telephone. The main exception(例外) is for some formal occasions(正式场合), on which a written invitation will be mailed. You would normally receive a written invitation to a wedding(婚礼).

For a casual(非正式的) dinner invitation, don’t arrive more than 5 minutes early, because your host may still be preparing for your visit. Arriving more than 10 minutes late is considered rude if very few people are invited. If many people are invited, it’s OK to arrive a little late, even as much as half an hour late. For example, it’s OK to arrive late for a party, for a potluck(家常便饭) dinner or for a social gathering inviting a large group of people.

If you’re invited for dinner, it’s proper to bring the host a bottle of wine, a basket of fruit, a box of candy, or some flowers. Don’t bring roses, as men often give roses to women on a date.

If you wish to thank the host for his or her hospitality(好客), it’s right to call or send a written thank you note the next day.

13. The passage is to tell us       .

     A. how to accept Americans’ invitations

     B. something about American social visits

     C. something about American business visits

     D. how to make a living in America

14. The underlined word “decline” in the first paragraph most probably means “      ”.

     A. accept                              B. read           

     C. refuse                              D. receive

15. If an American only invites you for an informal supper at 7:30 p.m., you’d better arrive at       .

     A. 7:15 p.m.                            B. 7:35 p.m.       

     C. 7:45 p.m.                            D. 7: 55 p.m.

二、任务型阅读  请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。注意:每空格1个单词。

Many children use the Internet to find out new information and to make them feel relaxed in their free time, but some of them are not using it in a good way. Here are some rules to make sure you are safe and have fun on the Internet.

Make rules for Internet use with your parents. For example, when you can go online, you should know how long and what you can do online.

Don’t give your password (密码) to anyone else, and never give out the following information to people on the Internet: your real name, home address, age, school, phone number or other personal information.

Check with your parents before giving out a credit(信用)  card number.

Never send a photo of yourself to someone by email unless your parents say it’s OK.

Check with your parents before going into a chat room. Different chat rooms have different rules and are for different kinds of people. You and your parents should make sure it’s a suitable place for you.

Never agree to meet someone you met on the Internet without your parent’s permission. Never meet anyone you met online alone.

Always remember that people online may not be who they say they are. Treat everyone online as if they were strangers.

If something you see or read online makes you uncomfortable, leave the site. Tell a parent or teacher right away.

Treat other people as you’d like to be treated. Never use bad language.

Remember—not everything you read on the Internet is true.

Title

How to use the Internet safely for children

(1)___________ for using the Internet

●To find out new information.

●To (2)____________ oneself.

(3) ____________  for using the Internet

 

Dos

Don’ts

Know the (4)____________ you spend and what you can do.

●Check with your parents before giving out the credit card number.

Choose a (5)____________chat room with the help of your parents.

Leave the site when you see or read something (6)__________.

● Give out your(7)____________information.

● Send your photo to someone(8)____________ your parents say “No”.

● Meet your net-friend alone.

● (9)____________ what everyone online says because they may lie sometimes.

● Use bad language.

Conclusion

(10)____________ the rules above and you’ll be safe and have fun on the Internet.

答案

1–15    ACBBA     DBCCB  DBBCB   

1. Reasons  2. relax  3. Rules    4. time    5. suitable        6. uncomfortable   7. personal/own 8. if   9. Believe    10. Follow

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