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南京市六合高级实验中学高一下学期英语午练(4月2日)  

2015-03-19 12:16:05|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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南京市六合高级实验中学高一下学期英语午练(42日)

一.阅读理解

A

The Colorado Desert, one of the big deserts in the world, is in the south-west of California in the USA. It is about 320 kilometers long, and of varying width. It is part of a great expanse desert land which stretches north and east into other states, and south into Mexico. The Colorado Desert is on the western side of the Colorado River. The temperature in all these regions is the highest in the United States: even winter days are warm, and in summer it is often extremely hot. Excellent motor roads with well-equipped filling stations at convenient intervals have today deprived them of most of their terrors--the modern traveler in his high-powered car can afford to be amused at mirages (海市蜃楼)and forget the very real threat of thirst that threatened the early settler, moving slowly across the heated land on foot or by wagon.

In the northern part of the Colorado Desert, shifting sands are dangerous; but the southern part, once waterless, bare, and uninhabited, now maintains a population of over 60000.Such varied crops are grown as cotton, water-melons, winter vegetables, grapes, and dates. This region was threatened with disaster between 1905 and 1907, when the Colorado River got out of control, and unmanageable floods looked like sweeping away the valley's prosperity. They were eventually brought under control by the formation of a new inland lake, known as the Salton Sea. This great basin, 80 kilometers long, had once been an arm of the Gulf of California, and then for ages a bed of salt, well below sea-level. The excess waters of the river were turned into this, Today this lake looks out of place in the middle of the desert, It is very unlikely that any other part of the desert will be threatened again. The building of the great dam on the Colorado Rive has brought the river under effective control.

1. Travelers in the Colorado Desert benefit from ______ now.

A. the weather and vast farmland

B. the improvements of the road and means of transportation

C. the construction of the river dam and the control of the desert

D. the increase of population and every year's good harvest

2. Compared with the early settlers, the modern travelers have the advantages in the following aspects except_____.

A. better climate       B. advanced automobiles

C. motor roads        D. filling stations from place to place

3. What happened to the Colorado Desert between 1905-1907?

A. It was threatened with over population.

B. It was facing the danger of shifting sands.

C. It was threatened with flood.

D. It was threatened with diseases.

4. What did people do in order to control the Colorado Rive completely?

A. They brought about the formation of the inland lake.

B. They built the great dam on the river.

C. They helped to decrease the annual rainfall.

D. They worked hard on their farmland.

Keys: 1—4BACB

解析:

1. 第一段的后半部分交代了这一点。

2. 气候不会变化。

3. “This region was threatened with disaster between 1905 and 1907, when the Colorado River got out of control, and unmanageable floods looked like sweeping away the valley's prosperity.告诉了答案。

4. 文章的最后一句话直接给出答案。

B

It is only during the last few years that man has generally realized that in nature a balance exists between all forms of life. No living thing can exist by itself. It is part of a system in which all forms of life are joined together. If we change one part of nature's order, it will almost certainly bring about changes in some other parts.

The cutting down of forests reduces the supply of oxygen. The killing of weeds and insects by chemicals leads to wide-spread poisoning of animals and birds. The throwing of waste products into the ocean does harm to life in the sea, while waste gases change the chemical balance of the atmosphere.

And so we could go on , adding more examples, until in despair(绝望)we might feel like giving up the struggle to control and keep within limits those harmful human activities. Man is very clever at changing the world around him to satisfy his immediate needs, but not so clever at looking far ahead, or at thinking about what the result of his action could be.

1. The main idea of the first paragraph is that______.

A. everything in nature can't exist without the help of human beings

B. no living thing can exist naturally

C. all living things in nature depend on each other

D. man has known the importance of the balance of nature for a long time

2. The examples given in the second paragraph are used to prove that_____.

A. it is very important to protect forests

B. there are some living things which can exist all by themselves without change

C. all forms of life belong to a system in which all the parts can be changed on their own will.

D. we cannot change one form of life or matter without disturbing the balance of nature.

3. The third paragraph suggests that____.

A. man shouldn't think only about his immediate needs but pay attention to the future results

B. man is very clever at planning his distant future

C. man often feels that he has to give up his struggle to control and keep his activities within limits in despair

D. man is always anxious to control and keep his activities within limits

4. The best title for the passage may be______.

 A. The Secret of Nature         B. The Balance of Nature

 C. The Natural System          D. The Change of Nature

Keys: 1—4CDAB

解析:

1. 第一段的最后一句话对该段作了总结。

2. 对第一段主旨的例证。

3. 文章最后总结了这一点。

4. 文章一开始就谈了这一点,通过事例和对人类行为的警告是为这一点找根据。

二.英语写作

假如有个名叫Mike的外国留学生上周六来六合游玩,并在你家住了两天。请根据下面表格中的内容提示介绍你们这两天一起游玩的经历和感受。

 

要点提示

1

两人共同游览六合的名胜,现代化的城市风景和迷人的金牛湖风景

2

迈克更了解六合和中国文化了,热情好客的六合人也让他印象深刻

3

你用英语给他提建议并进行其它交流,收获自信,更了解美国了

4

Mike 希望尽快再次来六合,你也想到Mike的家乡去游玩

注意:1.用第一人称介绍

2.词数:150词左右

One possible version:

Last Saturday, a foreign student named Mike came to visit Liuhe and lived in my home for 2 days.

During the two days, I got around Liuhe with him visiting many well-known places, including places of interest, modern city buildings and attractive Jinniu Lake and so on. Mike told me he was glad to learn more about the wonderful city and colorful Chinese customs. What’s more, the long-history culture of Liuhe and the friendliness of Liuhe citizens left unforgettable and deep impression on him.

During our trip, I constantly offered him essential advice for visiting and shopping, hoping that he could have great fun in Liuhe. Frankly and thankfully, I also learnt a lot from him. All the time I communicated with him in English and I felt my confidence expanded a lot. In addition, I obtained more information about America.

Before his leaving , he said he looked forward to coming back to Liuhe again as soon as possible .And now I plan to go to America and Mike’s beautiful hometown one day.

南京市六合高级实验中学高一下学期英语午练(47日)

1.根据句意,在每空填上一个正确意义的单词

 1. One of the most important steps in writing is ________ your information properly.

 2. We need to know the customs of a country ______  ______ we do not make others embarrassed and misunderstood.

 3. It has been _______ that words such as "could"or "would" can be used to help us to be polite.

 4. The information can be _______ on the Internet.

 5. Have you eaten eggs, tomatoes and beef together for breakfast? ______  _______, which one is your favourite?

 6. In England it is usual to ________  ________ the weather when you start a conversation.

 7. In china, when you are _______ to dinner, the host will be satisfied if you try all of the dishes.

 8. I regret to _______ you of the news that our team lost the game.

1. organizing 2. so that 3. said/found 4. accessed/gained/obtained 5. If so 6. talk about 7. invited 8. inform/tell

3. 单选题

 1. In old days my grandfather had no room to live in and often ________ hungry.

A. went         B. turned         C. grew         D. became

2. Every Sunday Li Ping’s father asked him to visit the science museum in order to ________ his interest in science.

A. show         B. take           C. have         D. develop

3. ----Do you know why Wang Hai come late to work?

----________ the heavy rain.

A. Because       B. Due to        C. As           D. Regardless of

4. ----They will ________ a short play in the People’s theatre this evening. Would you like to go with me.

----That’s great.

A. put on        B. put up         C. put down      D. put in

5. ________ by his daughter, the old man walked home slowly.

A. Supporting     B. Supported      C. Support       D. Been supported

6. ----Is Mr. Wang in?

----No, he has gone to ________ factory.

A. any           B. some          C. no           D. certain

7. My MP4 ________. I have looked for it everywhere but still _________ it.

A. has lost, don’t find                 B. is missing, don’t find

C. has lost, haven’t found              D. is missing, haven’t found

8. She gets up early every morning to ________ for the time she missed in the duration of her illness.

A. make out       B. make into      C. make up       D. make from

9. There are 40 students in every class at our school ________.

A. in average      B. on average      C. by average     D. at average

10. Paris Hilton, a Hollywood celebrity, will ________ the hotel opened by her father.

A. take charge of   B. in charge of     C. take the charge of    D. in the charge of

11 It rained and rained last month, ________ caused the water in the river rise above the deadline.

A. that           B. which          C. it                 D. what

12. The reason why he was late was _______ he had taken a wrong bus.

  A. because           B. whether           C. because          D. that

1—5ADBAB 6—10BDCBA 11—12BD

解析:

1. go hungry:挨饿。

2. develop one's interest:培养兴趣。

3. 表示原因用due to

4. put on a short play上演短剧。

5. 被搀扶,用过去分词。

6. some表示“某个”。

7. MP4没了,指现在的情况。找的结果没有,应该用现在完成时。

8. make up for:弥补。

9. on average为固定短语,意思为“一般情况下”。

10. take charge of:管理,在charge前不带定冠词。

11. which引导的非限制性定语从句。

12. reason作主语,表语从句用that引导。

4. 用所给词的正确形式填空

1. Some people think that English is difficult to learn. The reason is that there are many _____ rules. (confuse)

2. He came back, _____ that he didn’t believe it. (add)

3. He got himself ______ up with the wrong people.( mix)

4. There are many different dialects of English _____ on where people live. (depend)

5. Yesterday a 6-year-old boy fell and cut his hand on a _____ bottle. (break)

6. If second-language speakers are included, English is the most widely _____ language. (speak)

7. I wonder how the pictograph for a mountain turned into the character ___ today. (use)

8. Some characters were made by ____ two or more elements together to express ideas. (combine)

9. In mainland China ____ Chinese characters are used. (simplify)

10. They want to make more money by publishing the ____ video tapes. (record)

1. confusing 2. adding 3. mixed 4. depending 5. broken 6. spoken 7. used 8. combing 9. simplified 10. recorded

5. 翻译写作

英语是世界上运用最广泛的语言,而汉语是世界上说得最多的语言。中国学生在学习英语时发现,学英语确实很难,不象有些人说的那样,读读就行了。为什么学英语难呢?这是因为英语是一门有许多令人困惑不解的规则的语言,并且在不停地变化着。中国式的英语(Chinglish)也对当代英语产生着重要影响。我们现在常用的“Long time no see.”就属于这类英语。

美国人和英国人遇到一起可以直接交际,这不意味着美国英语和英国英语一样。其实,美国英语和英国英语一样也是有区别的。学语言不是为考试,而是为交际。我们应该把英语看成一种重要的交际工具。

One possible version

English is the most widely used language while Chinese is spoken by the most people in the world. Chinese students find it hard to learn English. As a matter of fact, learning English is difficult. It’s wrong to say that you can learn English well just by doing some reading. Why is English hard to learn? The answer consists in the fact that English is a language with so many confusing rules. Besides, it keeps on changing. Chinglish has a big impact on the contemporary English. The widely used phrase “Long time no see” belongs to this kind.

    Americans and British people have no difficulty in communication, which does not mean American English and British English are the same. To tell the truth, they differ from each other. We learn a language for communication between us, not for examination. Remember: we should look on the English language as an important tool for communication.

南京市六合高级实验中学高一下学期英语午练(49日)

1.单选题

1. At the crossing there is an arrow _______the direction to the Andrew farm.

A . indicating    B . to indicate    C . indicated     D  dictating 

2. She has successfully ______ a career with bringing up a family.

A. joined      B. connected         C. managed         D. combined

3. The schools of the future will probably be quite different from _______ they are today.

A. that      B. what       C. which    D. ones

4. Why! I have nothing to confuse. _______ you want me to say?

A. What is it that       B. What it is that      

C. How is it that        D. How it is that

5. In Britain today, women ______ 44% of the workforce, and nearly half the

mothers with children are in paid work.

A. take up    B. make up    C. pick up    D. give up

6. They think the problem is very ____, so no one is willing to solve it.

A. easy   B. simple   C. complex   D. bored

7. He felt ill and __________ died.

 A. at first   B. above of all   C. eventually  D. at all

8. The buses went ________ — one went south and the other went north.

A. in opposite directions   B. in the same direction

C. in all directions        D. in every direction

9. The Chinese people consider dragon as a ______ of China.

A. sign       B. mark       C. character      D. symbol

10. SARS is a kind of disease that ____ quickly.

A. spread    B. spreads     C. travel          D. travels

11. Students need________ to books.

A. access     B. right       C. require        D. demand

12. He _________ all his time and energy to his work

A. spent     B. cost       C. contributed       D. lost

13. Different countries _______ the world have their own ______.

A. all around; habits         B. throughout; racial customs

C. all over; standard habits    D. across; races

14. Many farmers have turned to _______ deer to make more money.

A. raise       B. keep      C. raising      D. rise

15. Building a rocket is a long ________, let alone Shenzhou VI.

A. history     B. access     C. period       D. process

1—5 ADBAB   6—10 CCADB  11—15 ACBCD

解析:

1. 现在分词作后置定语,相当于一个定语从句

2. Combine...with...:把...... ......结合起来,符合句子的意思

3. what引导的表语从句,what在从句中作表语

4. 用强调句型进行提问的特殊疑问句

5. make up:占有,符合句子意思的正确短语

6. 问题复杂,没人愿意解决

7. 从句子的逻辑意义看,应该选C

8. 后半句的说明暗示了答案

9. 龙是中国的象征,答案为symbol

10. 病毒传播用spread

11. need/have access to的结构

12. 把时间和精力用在工作上,选用contribute...to...

13. 不同的国家都有自己的种族习惯,答案为B

14. 这里不是转身做什么的意思,而是转向什么的意思,后面应该接动名词

15. 过程用process

2. 用正确的短语填空

get involved in,  can’t help wondering,  related to,  make contributions to,  get across,  appeal to,  keep…under control,  come to,  due to,  take everything into consideration,  make up for,  consist of,  be trapped in,  contribute to,  appeal to, look at,  be set in,  succeed in,  for the benefit of,  make sense,  be careful of,  be connected with,  all the time

1. The sports meet is __________ be held two weeks away.

2. I do not want to __________ the argument who will be the heir. It’s their own business and they will __________.

3. When you look at the pyramids along the Nile, you __________ how the ancient Egyptians built them without any machines.

4. Africa ________ Asia in the place where the Suez Canal lies.

5. The police questioned all the persons __________ the theft.

6. Highly-paid part-jobs __________ some college students for they are poor and their parents cannot afford the money for their education.

7. Working out outside in parks __________ good health greatly.

8. The weatherman warned the public __________ the coming typhoon.

9. The government sent troops there _________ the situation __________.

10. After a two—day meeting, both sides __________ an agreement.

11. The chairman did not __________ my suggestion and declared the conclusion of the meeting.

12. London __________ its bid to hold the Summer Olympic Games in 2012.

13. Japan __________ four main islands as well as many tiny ones around them.

14. His stay in hospital made him fall behind, so he is studying hard to __________ the lost time.

15. This story ________ the Second World War, when Poland was ruled by Nazi Germany.

16. In China, children in schools are taught to do things __________ of their country in the future.

17. Since the 1990, many foreign experts have come to work in China and __________ the development of our country.

18. It __________ that the government encourages the citizens to learn English in Beijing.

19. Their car __________ the snow. While waiting for help, they had to have the engine working _________ to keep themselves warm.

20. Miss Liu’s lively way of teaching made her students _________ her ideas easily.

1. due to 2. get involved in, take everything into consideration 3. can’t help wondering

4. is connected with 5. related to 6. appeal to 7. contribute to 8. to be careful of

9. keep, under control 10. came to 11. look at 12. succeeded in 13. consists of

14. make up for 15. was set in 16. for the benefit of 17. made contributions to

18. makes sense 19. was trapped in, all the time 20. get across

3. 完形填空

There are about fifteen hundred languages in the world. But ___1___ a few of them are very ___2___. English is one of these. Many, many people use it, not only in England and the U. S. A, but in other parts of the world. About 200, 000, 000 speak it as their own language. It is difficult to say how many people are learning it as a ___3___ language. Many millions are ___4___ to do so.

Is it easy or difficult to learn English? Different people may have different ___5___. Have you ever ___6___ the ads of this kind in the newspapers or magazines?

“Learn English in six month, or your __7___ back ...” “Easy and funny? Our records and tapes ___8___ you master your English in a month. __9___ the first day your ___10___ will be excellent. Just send ...” Of course, it never ___11___ quite like this.

The only language that seems easy to learn is the mother tongue. We should ___12___ that we all learned our own language well when we were ___13___. If we could learn English in the same way, it would not seem so difficult. ___14___ what a small child does. He listens to what people say. He tries what he hears. When he is using the language, talking in it, and ___15__ in it all the time, just imagine how much ___16_ that gets!

So it is ___17___ to say that learning English is easy, because a good command of English ___18___ upon a lot of practice. And practice needs great effort and ___19___ much time. Good teachers, records, tapes, books, and dictionaries will ___20___. But they cannot do the student’s work for him.

1. A. not             B. quite               C. only                     D. very

2. A. difficult         B. important           C. necessary             D. easy

3. A. native            B. foreign           C. useful               D. mother

4. A. learning         B. enjoying            C. trying               D. liking

5. A. questions       B. problems            C. ideas                D. answers

6. A. found            B. watched             C. noticed             D. known

7. A. knowledge        B. time               C. money              D. English

8. A. make             B. help                C. let                 D. allow

9. A. From            B. On                C. Since                 D. After

10. A. spelling          B. grammar            C. English             D. pronunciation

11. A. happened        B. know              C. seemed             D. felt

12. A. know           B. remember          C. understand           D. think

13. A. students          B. children                 C. babies               D. grown-ups

14. A. Imagine         B. Mind                C. Do                D. Think of

15. A. using           B. thinking             C. trying               D. practicing

16. A. time            B. money            C. language        D. practice

17. A. hard            B. easy                C. funny               D. silly

18. A. depends              B. tries                C. has                D. takes

19. A. uses             B. takes               C. gets              D. costs

20 A. do             B. work              C. help                     D. master

1—5CBBCD 6—10CCBAD 11—15ABBDB 16—20DAABC

1. only 意为仅仅、只有。句意为:世界上约有五百种语言,但只有记种是重要的。2. important 意为重要的,根据下文提到的像英语被广泛使用,说明了这几种语言是重要的。故不宜选其他形容词。3. as a foreign language(外语)与前句中的as their own language相对应。4. are trying to do so = are trying to learn English 意为在尽力学习英语5. answer 意为答案,指回答前面的答案。句意为:学习英语容易还是困难,不同的人有不同的答案。6. notice 意为注意到,根据不同的动词意义,只有notice切合句意。指注意到这些广告。7. 这些广告的目的是为了收钱,故选moneyor your money back意为:否则退钱。8. help sb do sth 意为帮助某人做某事。而make / let sb do sth意为使/让某人做某事allow不合该句句型。9. from first day 意为从第一天起10. 由于是指学习英语语言,应该是先学习发音,故选pronunciation(发音)11. happen 意为发生,这里指上面广告中提到的快速学好英语这样事情是决不会发生的12. remember 意为记得13. children与后面的a small child相对应,指小孩学说母语好。14. think of 意为想象、想一想15. think 意为思考,此句意为:谈话用母语,思考用母语。16. practice 意为练习。这里说明了孩子学说母语好是因为进行上述大量的练习的结果。17. 句意为:说学习英语容易就难说了。18. demand“需要,句意为:掌握好英语需要大量练习。19. take意为花费(时间)”。此句意为:而练习需要付出极大的努力和花费大量的时间。20. 这里是说:好教师、录音磁带、书和词典将对学习英语有帮助。但这些都不能代替学生的学习。

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