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南京市六合高级实验中学高一下学期英语日练(4月1日)  

2015-03-19 12:13:54|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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南京市六合高级实验中学高一下学期英语日练(41日)

一.根据短文内容及首字母提示完成句中单词填空

April Fool's Day is a day to play (1)j____ on others, No one knows how this holiday began but people (2)t_____ it first started in France. In the 16th century, people (3)c_____ New Year's Day from March 25 to April 1. In the mid-1560s King Charles IX changed it from March 25 to January 1. But some people still celebrated in on April 1, so others (4)c______ them April Fools.

Each country celebrates April Fools' Day (5)d_____. In France, people call the April Fools “April Fish”. They tape a paper fish to their friends' backs to (6)f____ them. When he or she finds this, they shout “April Fish!” In England, people play (7)j_____ only in the morning. You are a “noodle” if someone fools you. In Scotland, April Fools' Day is 48 hours (8)l____. They call an April Fool “April Gowk”. Gowk is another name for a cuckoo bird. In America, people play small jokes on their friends and any (9)o_____ people on the first of April. They may point down to your shoe and say, “ Your shoelace is untied.” If you believe them and look (10)d____ to see, you are an April Fool then.

1.       jokes 2. think 3. celebrated 4. called 5. differently 6. fool 7. jokes 8. long 9. other 10. down

二.词性变化

1. create (n)________   (n)________   (adj.)_________

2. pronounce (n)________                  3. contribute (n)________

4. development (v)________                5. replace (synonym)________

6. impact (synonym)________   (synonym)_________

7. adopt (n)_______                       8. depend (adj.)_________

9. difficulty (adj.)________                 10. ban (synonym)_________

11. differ (adj.)________                   12. represent (n)__________

13.symbol (adj.)_______                   14. simplify (adj.)_________

15. reflect (n)________                   

16. indicate (n)_______   (n)________

1.________   _________   ________  2. _________  3. __________  4. ________

5. _______  6. _______   ________  7. _________  8. _________  9. _________

10. _______  11. _______  12. ________  13. ________  14. _______  15. ________

16. ________   ________

Keys: 1. creator creature creative(前两个顺序可颠倒) 2. pronunciation 3. contribution 4. develop 5. substitute 6. effect influence 7. adoption 8. dependent 9. difficult 10. prohibit 11. different 12. representation 13. symbolic 14. simple 15. reflection 16. indicator indication(顺序可颠倒)

单词拼写

1. You should read more to enrich your v__________ in learning a language.

2. In July, 2004 China opened its citizens’ tourist travel to many E________ countries, such as France, Italy,Switzerland, Austria, Germany, Denmark and Norway.

3. This large international company has offices t__________ the world.

4. Singapore has four o__________ languages: English, Malay, Chinese and Tamil.

5. Government promises to c__________ more jobs for the laid-off workers.

6. We used to listen to the radio a lot, but n__________ we mostly watch television.

7. The United Kingdom c__________ of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

8. Working out in the park in the morning c________ greatly to your good health.

9. With the d_________ of economy, people are living a better life but are having a worse environment.

10. Ten people, i________ two children, visited the Great Wall the day before last

1. ________ 2. ________ 3. ________ 4. ________ 5. ________

6. ________ 7. ________ 8. ________ 9. ________ 10. ________

Keys: 1. vocabulary 2. European 3. throughout 4. official 5. create

6. now/nowadays 7. consists 8. contributes 9. development 10. including

四.小阅读

English has borrowed a lot of words from other languages in history. English borrowed words mainly from French, German, Italian and Arabic.

Borrowed words from French contain words for food and eating such as restaurant, words for jobs such as dentist and words for relaxation such as ballet. At weddings in the west, they have confetti which people throw over the newly-weds. This is an Italian word, meaning the small pieces of colored paper. What’s more, Italy was famous for music and opera in the 18th century, so English borrowed many words for music and opera from Italian. In the early times, Italians liked to be at war with other countries, words for military jobs, for example, colonel, also became an English word.

One reason that so many German words in English is that the Germans were very clever at inventing things. They invented the clock to ensure they were on time. Englishmen also use clock for this purpose in English. Many of the words for fast food or snacks in English also come from German, including the famous hamburger.

We all know the fact that the Arabs were good traders and they brought in many Arabic words in English, such as coffee and alcohol. We all use Arabic numbers, and zero is an Arabic English word.

English has borrowed many words from other languages and, of course, it will.

1. How many languages are talked of in the passage?

  A. One.       B. Three.        C. Five.       D. Seven.

2. Ballet is a French word for __________.

  A. jobs        B. food          C. music      D. entertainment

3. What tradition is mentioned at the weddings in the west?

  A. People will have a huge banquet.

  B. The bridegroom sits beside his new wife.

  C. Female guests can only sit with the bride.

  D. People throw small pieces of colored paper over the bridegroom and the bride.

4. It can be inferred from the text that _________.

  A. The Germans were very clever at inventing things

  B. The Arabs were good traders

  C. Fast food has been popular with Germans for a long time

  D. English has borrowed lots of words from Chinese

5. Which of the following is wrong?

  A. There are many differences between French and English.

  B. English will continue to borrow words from Italian.

  C. English will never take in Chinese words.

  D. A good master of English is helpful for French-learning.

Keys: 1—5CDDCC

解析:

1. 文章中提到英语、法语、德语、意大利语和阿拉伯语。

2. relaxation相近的只有entertainment

3. 文章中提到在西方举行的婚礼上撒花片儿的事儿,答案为D

4. AB是能从文章中直接找到的;C可从Many of the words for fast food or snacks in English also come from German, including the famous hamburger中推断到;D与文章无关。

5. A是常识;B是事实;D也是事实;英语主要从文章中提到的四中语言中吸收词汇,但不是不从其它语言中吸收词汇。

五.微写作

    下列三幅图画描绘的是你寒假到山区度假时见到的情况。有了这样的经历,你也就有了一些感慨,请用80个左右的词汇描写一下,你离开山区以后可能发生的事情。

One possible version

    I think that things in the mountain village will become better and better. The villagers will raise their awareness of protecting the environment. The government officials and policemen will take measures to prevent villagers from stealing birds’ eggs and killing birds. The villagers are taught to show love to the birds flying in the mountain around the village. With a good environment, the mountain village looks more beautiful. The villagers and the birds live in harmony with each other.

 

 南京市六合高级实验中学高一下学期英语日练(43日)

一.重点短语互译

1 in its broad/narrow sense              2.代表

3 throughout the world                 4 与某人分享某物;和某人共用某物

5 so many confusing rules               6……组成

7. differ from…                       8. 发展成….

9. for some reason / for a certain reason    10. 造成……、有助于……、对……作出贡献

11. under control                        12. what if ..

13. have an impact / effect / influence on…   14.结果

15. undergo huge changes                16. 依靠,取决于,视……而定

17. right away                         18. 总之

19. in addition                          20.考虑……

21. come true                          22. 总体上,作为整体

23. in that                              24. 调查

Keys: 1. 从广义/狭义上讲 2. stand for 3. 遍及世界 4. share sth with sb 5. 如此多让人迷惑的规则 6. be made up of /consist of 7. 不同于…… 8. develop into … 9. 由于某个原因 10. contribute to… 11. 被控制 12. 如果……的话,那该怎么办;倘使/假若….,该怎么办 13. ……有影响 14. as a result 15. 经历/发生很大的变化 16. depend on 17.立刻,马上 18. in a /one word 19. 而且 20. take … into consideration 21. 成真、实现 22. as a whole 23. 因为 24. look into

二.用所以给短语的正确形式填空

in confusion    contribute to   depend on    throw away    lose control of    consist of

look into   in that    in other words    as a whole

1. Many years of hard work ________ his great success in the development of this kind machine.

2. It is foolish of you to ________ such a good opportunity.

3. We should _______ ourselves rather than on others, including our parents.

4. The language ________ an Anglo-Saxon base plus words from the languages of Denmark and Norway.

5. The Chinese language differs from many Western languages ________ it uses characters which have meanings and can stand alone as words.

6. Your performance in the driving test didn’t reach the required standard----________, you failed.

7. The celebration of the 60th anniversary of the founding of New China is great for our school and for our country _______.

8. I’m sorry that you are not satisfied with what we have done. I will ________ the matter.

9. When the president ________ this factory, who will be sent to take control of it?

10. She stopped _______ as everyone turned to look at her.

1._________________     2. _______________    3. _____________________

4. _________________     5. _______________    6. _____________________

7. __________________    8. ________________   9. _____________________

10. __________________

Keys: 1. contributed to  2. throw away  3. depend on  4. consisted of  5. in that

6. in other words  7. as a whole  8. look into  9. loses control of  10. in confusion

三.改正下列各句中有一处错误

1. The truth is what he doesnt make good use of time in class.

2. The reason why he was late was because he had taken a wrong bus.

3. Einstein’s most famous theory is that we call the Theory of Relativity.

4. Please find out when will the train get to Nanjing.

5. We have plenty of books here. You may take whatever you like most.

6. It depends on if we have enough time in doing that work.

7. You have no idea how I have been anxious for her safety.

8. Engines are to machines that hearts are to human beings.

Keys: 1. what改为that 2. because改为that 3. that改为what 4. will the train改为the train will

5. whatever改为whichever 6. if改为whether 7. anxious移到I 8. that改为what

四.完形填空

In our life, we have rarely expressed our gratitude to those who have lived with us these years. In fact, we do not have to   1    a special time to thank the ones    2    to us. If you have    _3   anything about giving thanks, it should be this:   4   it now! Saying thanks is such a(n)    _5   way to add happiness to the   6  .

Saying thanks not only brightens someone else’s world, but also brightens yours. If you are
feeling 
  7    or unloved, try reaching out to others. It may be just the medicine that you    8  .

Of course, sometimes you cannot express gratitude    9   . In that case, do not fall into    _10   — speak up the first time you have a   11  .

Once a young man, whose name was Mark Brian, was sent to a   12   of India. The villagers, he had been told before, did not have a   13   for “thank you”. But on arriving there, Mark Brian found that those villagers expressed their   14   in other ways. Instead of saying thanks, it is their custom to   15   every favor with a favor of their own, and every kindness with the   16   or more kindness. They did express their thanks.

  17   if we had no words in our   18   for thank you”, would we do a better job of communicating our gratitude? And would we be more responsive (回应的), more   19   and more caring?

Thankfulness can be transferred (传递) among people all around us—including ourselves,    __20  no one ever misunderstands a thankful heart.

1.   A. cut down              B. give up         C. talk about        D. wait for

2.   A. rudest                  B. closest          C. similar                  D. different

3.   A. learned                B. offered         C. written                  D. doubted

4.   A. carry              B. change          C. give            D. accept

5.   A. fair                      B. strange        C. extra              D. easy

6.   A. room             B. world         C. school          D. station

7.   A. left out                B. helped out      C. called on         D. shown in

8.   A. discover               B. need            C. invent            D. collect

9.   A. carefully              B. finally          C. immediately      D. slowly

10. A. illness                  B. anger          C. pleasure            D. silence

11. A. suggestion            B. condition       C. job                D. chance

12. A. village                 B. hospital         C. city                D. ship

13. A. film               B. play            C. word           D. song

14. A. skill                     B. gratitude     C. culture                  D. attitude

15. A. return             B. mix             C. follow           D. check

16. A. public             B. same          C. secret           D. cheap

17. A. wonder                B. forget          C. promise             D. order

18. A. text                     B. lesson          C. vocabulary        D. book

19. A. creative                                B. clever        C. sensitive         D. beautiful

20. A. though                 B. unless          C. if                D. because

1-5DCBAC 6-10DBACD11-15BACDB16-20ACDBA

 南京市六合高级实验中学高一下学期英语日练(46日)

一.根据句境,在每空填上一个正确的单词

1. ___________ to the weather ________, it is likely to be raining next morning.

2. I often wonder whether animals have the _______ senses _______ humans.

3. I saw an old man making his way in the street, _______ a walking stick ______ his hand.

4. ______ the time he was 20 years old, he had finished _______ two novels.

5. When they realized that they got lost, the children _______  ______ crying.

6. She sensed that she was ______ watched by someone. _______, when she looked back, the person was nowhere to be seen.

7. When she ________  _______, she found herself lying in hospital .

8. Once ______ bed, the children will fall _______ very soon.

9. My computer _________ ________ by an unknown virus last Sunday. So it has been broken for a whole week now.

10. Our problem is that so far we haven’t _______  _______a right method to work out the difficulty.

1. According, report/forecast 2. same, as 3. with, in 4. By, writing 5. couldn’t help 6. being, However 7. came to  8. in, asleep 9. was attacked  10. found out/thought out

二.单选练习

1. Try to use traveler’s cheques if possible and avoid ______too much money.

A. to bring          B. bringing      C. to have brought       D. having brought

2. We didn’t plan our art exhibition like that but it ____very well.

A worked on        B worked out       C tried out              D. carried on

3. Mum ________ to us“Be quiet! Your little sister’s sleeping

  A. whispered     B. shouted      C. explained               D. replied  

4. — She should not have done that sort of thing.
 — Whatever she did was reasonable, _____ to what you had done. Besides, it’s none of your business. Get down to _____ your Lessons
  A. compared; doing  B. comparing; doing  C. compared; do   D. comparing; do
5
. There is no______ trying to persuade him. He will never change his mind.

A. use        B. sense       C. good             D. point

6. We had to ask our neighbors to ________ our house while we were away on holiday.

   A. watch           B. observe         C. notice           D. See 

7. Nowhere else in such a small town, I think, ________ a book as good as this one.

    A. can you get     B. you can get      C. you get           D. you will get

8.  I think it ________ to let farmers have their own land. In that way, they can farm the land by themselves, and food production will be higher.

A. no good          B. makes sense     C. no harm         D. takes sense

9. —Tom was absent today, wasn't he?

   — No, he wasn't. He was just late, because he ________ his bus.

      A. failed               B. ignored      C. caught              D. missed

10. Our bodies are strengthened by taking exercise. ______our minds are developed by learning.

A. Probably           B. Likely     C. Similarly             D. Generally

11. I like this house with a beautiful garden in front, but I don’t have enough money to buy__________.

      A. one       B. it        C. this       D. that

12. I couldn't help but ______ that it was a mistake to lend him the money.

A. think        B. thought      C. to think      D. thinking

13. — “Could we put off the meeting?” she asked.

   — “_________.” He answered politely. “This is the only day everyone is available.”

   A. Not likely       B. Not exactly      C. Not nearly     D. Not really

14. Nobody believed his reason for being absent from the class __________ he had to meet his uncle at the airport.

A. why           B. that       C. where          D. because

15. You can only be sure of_________ you have at present; you cannot be sure of something _____ you might get in the future.

  A. that; what       B. what; /        C. which; that         D. /; that

1--5BBAAD 6--10AABDC 11--15BADBB

解析

1. avoid后跟v-ing形式作宾语,且表示一般情况。

2. work out意为解决产生结果work on后接宾语表示从事try out意为试验carry on意为继续进行。句意为我们没有像那样计划我们的艺术展览会,但结果却很好

3. 要求我们安静,妈妈也应该小声说,而不是大喊大叫。故选A

4.  get down to的意思是着手干某事to是介词,其后加动名词或名词。类似的词组有be used topay attention to devote…to……等。
5. It’s no use doing sth.做某事是无用的;It’s no good doing sth.做某事是无益的;There’s no point doing sth.做某事是没有意义的;there is no sense in doing ... ......是没有道理的 /意义的。对比一下,答案为D

6. watch可以表示照看,看护,监视,符合句意。

7. nowhere位于句首时,句子采用部分倒装语序。de style="line-height: 28px;" >de>

8. 宾语从句缺少谓语。

9. 迟到的原因是没赶上汽车,故选D

10. probably大概,或许;likely是形容词,意思是可能similarly同样地,类似于;generally一般地,大体上。句意为:我们通过体育锻炼来增强体质,同样,我们通过学习来开发智力。

11.我喜欢这个前面有美丽花园的房子,但是我没有足够多的钱把它买下来。选用it,特指前句中的this house。该题容易误选one,但one表示泛指。

12. can’t help but do等于can’t help doing sth.

13. 考查交际用语。从后面的This is the only day everyone is available(今天是唯一大家在的时机)来看,A项意思是不可能B项意思不完全这样C项意思相差很远D项可以看作We really couldn’t put off的省略,意思是真的不行

14. reason后的定语从句由whythat引导,why在定语从句中作状语,that在定语从句中作宾语;而reason后的同位语从句只能由that引导,故选Bde style="line-height: 28px;" >de>

15. what引导宾语从句,并在从句中作宾语;省略的that引导定语从句,并在从句中作宾语。

三.微写作

所有的动物都危险吗动物喜欢袭击人类吗?

答案是否定的。人类被动物伤害的可能性其实是很小的。动物们在遭受到人类的伤害或者是引诱时才会伤害人类。有时,象老虎和狮子这样的动物确实袭击人类,是因为它们年龄大了,不能捕获鹿之类的小动物。此外,动物有时为了保护它们的幼崽也攻击人类。

非洲大象是自然界最大的动物,你一见到它就感到恐惧。事实上,它不干扰人类,是一种非常温顺的动物。动物是人类的朋友,我们应该爱护动物。

One possible version

Are all animals dangerous? Do they enjoy attacking human beings?

The answer is no. For human beings, the chances of being attacked by animals are very small. In fact, Animals won’t hurt people unless they do something bad to them. Animals like tigers and lions sometimes hurt people because they are too old to get food such as deer and other small animals. Besides, many animals attack people only when they are afraid that their young babies will be harmed.

The wild African elephant is the biggest animal in the world. Of course, you are frightened at sight of them. However, they do not disturb human beings. Then are tame and kind to human beings.

Animals are man’s friends. We should love and protect them.

 

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